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Did they take the same test? Examinee language proficiency and the structure of language tests

Title
Did they take the same test? Examinee language proficiency and the structure of language tests
Authors
Shin S.-K.
Ewha Authors
신상근
SCOPUS Author ID
신상근scopus
Issue Date
2005
Journal Title
Language Testing
ISSN
0265-5322JCR Link
Citation
vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 31 - 57
Indexed
SSCI; AHCI; SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
This study investigated the relationship between examinee proficiency and the structure of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the Speaking Proficiency in English Assessment Kit (SPEAK). Specifically, using multi-group structural equation modeling, this study tested two competing hypotheses about the relationship: whether or not the dimensions of language ability become more or less differentiated as a function of increasing examinee proficiency. Among four alternative models (a second-order model, a correlated specific factor model, a single general factor model, and a totally divisible model), a second-order factor model was established as a baseline model for three ability groups and then estimated simultaneously with crossgroup equality imposed. The results showed that the tests were partially equivalent, thereby supporting neither of the hypotheses. Finally, the multiple indicators and multiple causes modeling analysis suggested that the language backgrounds of test-takers were related to measurement non-invariance. © 2005 Edward Arnold.
DOI
10.1191/0265532205lt296oa
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 영어교육과 > Journal papers
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