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L-carnitine stimulates lipolysis via induction of the lipolytic gene expression and suppression of the adipogenic gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes
- L-carnitine stimulates lipolysis via induction of the lipolytic gene expression and suppression of the adipogenic gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes
- Lee M.-S.; Lee H.-J.; Lee H.-S.; Kim Y.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Journal of Medicinal Food
- Journal of Medicinal Food vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 468 - 473
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Document Type
- We investigated the lipolytic effects of L-carnitine in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. L-carnitine at 10-100 nM suppressed lipid accumulation. The release of glycerol and free fatty acid into the medium was significantly increased by 1.5- and 1.7-fold, respectively, by the addition of 100 nM L-carnitine compared with the control (P < .05). The mRNA levels of hormone-sensitive lipase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase I-a, and acyl-coenzyme A oxidase, all of which participate in lipid catabolism, were increased in the presence of 100 nM L-carnitine by 2.8-, 2.2-, and 1.6-fold, respectively (P < .05). However, the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ and adipose-specific fatty acid-binding protein, which are involved in adipogenesis, were down-regulated by L-carnitine in 3T3-L1 adipocytes (P < .05). These results suggest an anti-obesity action of L-carnitine. L-carnitine may modulate lipid metabolism by stimulation of lipolysis and β-oxidation accompanied by corresponding changes in gene expression and suppression of adipogenic gene expression. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. and Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition.
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