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Bioavailability of carotenoids from chlorella powder in healthy subjects: A comparison with marigold petal extract

Title
Bioavailability of carotenoids from chlorella powder in healthy subjects: A comparison with marigold petal extract
Authors
Jung, Hye YoonOk, Hyang MokPark, Min YoungKim, Ji YeonKwon, Oran
Ewha Authors
권오란
SCOPUS Author ID
권오란scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS
ISSN
1756-4646JCR Link
Citation
vol. 21, pp. 27 - 35
Keywords
BioavailabilityCarotenoidsChlorella powderMarigold petal extractBuccal mucosa cellsLipoprotein fractions
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
More information on the bioavailability of carotenoids is needed to make recommendations on carotenoid consumption. Here, we compared the bioavailabilities of lutein, zeaxanthin, alpha-carotene, and beta-carotene from regular chlorella powder (RC), lutein-enriched chlorella powder (LC), and marigold petal extract (M) in a randomised clinical trial. The plasma lutein response was highest for LC, comparably high for RC and M and was positively correlated with LDL, HDL, and buccal mucosal cell (BMC) content. The plasma alpha-carotene response was delayed but significant for LC and RC and was positively correlated with LDL content. The plasma zeaxanthin and beta-carotene responses did not differ among the groups and were positively correlated with LDL content. Lutein and zeaxanthin were detected in BMCs, but alpha-carotene and beta-carotene were not. These findings support the use of chlorella powder as a lutein source that is equivalent to marigold petal extract, but with a greater diversity and reliable mass-production. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.jff.2015.11.036
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신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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