The dependency of device degradation on bending direction and channel length is analyzed in terms of bandgap states in amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide (a-IGZO) films. The strain distribution in an a-IGZO film under perpendicular and parallel bending of a device with various channel lengths is investigated by conducting a three-dimensional mechanical simulation. Based on the obtained strain distribution, new device simulation structures are suggested in which the active layer is defined as consisting of multiple regions. The different arrangements of a highly strained region and density of states is proportional to the strain account for the measurement tendency. The analysis performed using the proposed structures reveals the causes underlying the effects of different bending directions and channel lengths, which cannot be explained using the existing simulation methods in which the active layer is defined as a single region.