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Comparative evaluation of flavor compounds in fermented green and roasted coffee beans by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

Title
Comparative evaluation of flavor compounds in fermented green and roasted coffee beans by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
Authors
Kim, Su-JinLee, SulBang, EunjungLee, SunhoRhee, Jin-KyuNa, Yun-Cheol
Ewha Authors
이진규나윤철
SCOPUS Author ID
이진규scopus
Issue Date
2019
Journal Title
FLAVOUR AND FRAGRANCE JOURNAL
ISSN
0882-5734JCR Link

1099-1026JCR Link
Citation
FLAVOUR AND FRAGRANCE JOURNAL vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 365 - 376
Keywords
green beanKopi luwakmonsooned Malabarroasted beanvolatile markers
Publisher
WILEY
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Specific fermentation processes such as digestive bioprocessing and monsooning have been of interest to coffee consumers. Volatile compounds of beans during the different fermentation processes vary considerably and exhibit different profiles. The representative flavor compounds for the luwak green bean were found to be pentamethyl heptane and 3-methyl-1-butanol, while more diverse and distinct compounds were observed from the monsooned green bean, namely alkyl butanals, pinenes, benzaldehyde and butanediols. However, after roasting, the fermented form of both beans contained similar types of volatiles and their relative contents compared to those of non-fermented roasted beans, except for alpha-pinene in luwak and 2-methyl furan in monsooned beans. In principal components analysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), the different fermented beans were clearly distinguished by the extracted peak entities from their total ion chromatograms. The s-plot and variable importance on projection (VIP) values related to PLS-DA showed the significant compounds contributing to the identification of the groups. 3-Methyl-1-butanol was the most distinctive compound for the luwak green bean, and beta-pinene, ethylbenzene and benzaldehyde were found to be the significant compounds in the monsooned green bean. In roasted beans, the most significant compounds to distinguish luwak were furfural, alpha-pinene and 3-carene with high variable in the projection (VIP) values. A significant presence of pyrazine, alkyl pyrazines, pyridine and alkyl pyridines contributed to differentiating both fermented roasted coffee beans from the unfermented roasted beans.
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DOI
10.1002/ffj.3517
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엘텍공과대학 > 식품공학전공 > Journal papers
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