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Black hole as a wormhole factory

Title
Black hole as a wormhole factory
Authors
Kim, Sung-WonPark, Mu-In
Ewha Authors
김성원
SCOPUS Author ID
김성원scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
PHYSICS LETTERS B
ISSN
0370-2693JCR Link

1873-2445JCR Link
Citation
PHYSICS LETTERS B vol. 751, pp. 220 - 226
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
There have been lots of debates about the final fate of an evaporating black hole and the singularity hidden by an event horizon in quantum gravity. However, on general grounds, one may argue that a black hole stops radiation at the Planck mass ((h) over barc/G)(1/2) similar to 10(-5) g, where the radiated energy is comparable to the black hole's mass. And also, it has been argued that there would be a wormhole-like structure, known as "spacetimefoam", due to large fluctuations below the Planck length ((h) over barG/c(3))(1/2) similar to 10(-33) cm. In this paper, as an explicit example, we consider an exact classical solution which represents nicely those two properties in a recently proposed quantum gravity model based on different scaling dimensions between space and time coordinates. The solution, called "Black Wormhole", consists of two different states, depending on its mass parameter M and an IR parameter omega: For the black hole state (with omega M-2 > 1/2), a non-traversable wormhole occupies the interior region of the black hole around the singularity at the origin, whereas for the wormhole state (with omega M-2 < 1/2), the interior wormhole is exposed to an outside observer as the black hole horizon is disappearing from evaporation. The black hole state becomes thermodynamically stable as it approaches the merging point where the interior wormhole throat and the black hole horizon merges, and the Hawking temperature vanishes at the exact merge point (with omega M-2 = 1/2). This solution suggests the "Generalized Cosmic Censorship" by the existence of a wormhole-like structure which protects the naked singularity even after the black hole evaporation. One could understand the would-be wormhole inside the black hole horizon as the result of microscopic wormholes created by "negative" energy quanta which have entered the black hole horizon in Hawking radiation process; the quantum black hole could be a wormhole factory! It is found that this speculative picture may be consistent with the recent "ER=EPR" proposal for resolving the black hole entanglement debates. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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DOI
10.1016/j.physletb.2015.10.045
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 과학교육과 > Journal papers
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