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Exclusive occurrence of photoinduced energy transfer and switching of its direction by rectangular pi-extension of nanographenes
- Exclusive occurrence of photoinduced energy transfer and switching of its direction by rectangular pi-extension of nanographenes
- Umeyama, Tomokazu; Hanaoka, Takuma; Yamada, Hiroki; Namura, Yuki; Mizuno, Satoshi; Ohara, Tomoya; Baek, Jinseok; Park, JaeHong; Takano, Yuta; Stranius, Kati; Tkachenko, Nikolai V.; Imahori, Hiroshi
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- CHEMICAL SCIENCE
- CHEMICAL SCIENCE vol. 10, no. 27, pp. 6642 - 6650
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- As structure defined cutouts of the graphene lattice, nanographene molecules have gained plenty of attention because of their high potential for versatile applications in organic electronics and energy conversion devices and as ideal model systems for the better understanding of intrinsic structure-property correlations of graphenes. In this study, well-defined nanographenes with sp(2) carbon networks of different sizes, hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene (HBC) and its rectangularly pi-extended version, a short graphene nanoribbon (GNR), have been covalently functionalized with photoactive porphyrin molecules. On the basis of their spectroscopic studies, the photodynamics of the porphyrin-linked nanographenes was found to be influenced substantially by the size of the nanographenes. Photoexcitation of the porphyrin-HBC linked system led to exclusive energy transfer (EnT) from the first singlet excited state (S-1) of the nanographene to the porphyrin, whereas opposite selective EnT occurred from the first and second singlet excited states (S-1 and S-2) of the porphyrin to the nanographene in the porphyrin-GNR linked system. In particular, ultrafast efficient EnTs from both the S-2 and S-1 states of the porphyrin to GNR mimic the corresponding ultrafast EnTs from the S-2 and S-1 states of carotenoids to chlorophylls in light-harvesting systems of natural photosynthesis. Such unique photophysical properties will be useful for the rational design of carbon-based photofunctional nanomaterials for optoelectronics and solar energy conversion devices.
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