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Association of recommended food score with depression, anxiety, and quality of life in Korean adults: The 2014-2015 National Fitness Award Project

Title
Association of recommended food score with depression, anxiety, and quality of life in Korean adults: The 2014-2015 National Fitness Award Project
Authors
Lee J.-E.Kim Y.J.Park H.J.Park S.Kim H.Kwon O.
Ewha Authors
권오란김혜숙김유진
SCOPUS Author ID
권오란scopus; 김혜숙scopus
Issue Date
2019
Journal Title
BMC Public Health
ISSN
1471-2458JCR Link
Citation
BMC Public Health vol. 19, no. 1
Keywords
Recommended food score: Diet quality: Depression: Anxiety: Quality of life
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd.
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background: A healthy diet is a key determinant of an individual's health status and is closely related to mental health and quality of life (QoL); however, the exact nature of the relationship is unknown. This study hypothesized that a higher diet quality score is associated with a lower observance of symptoms of depression and anxiety and a higher QoL. Methods: This study evaluated 1,295 adults (521 men; 774 women) aged 19-64 years, who participated in the 2014-2015 National Fitness Award Project. Diet quality was measured by the recommended food score (RFS), and mental health and QoL were assessed by the beck depression inventory (BDI), beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and the World Health Organization QoL-Brief (WHOQoL-BREF). Results: After adjusting for covariates, the individuals with depression had a significantly lower RFS value compared to those without depression, and the group with a QoL score above the median had a higher RFS value than the group with a QoL score below the median. These trends occurred in both men and women. Subjects in the highest tertile of RFS showed a lower odds of depression (OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.32-0.81, p-trend = 0.0043) and a QoL score below the median (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.30-0.54, p-trend < 0.0001) compared with those in the lowest tertile. The RFS was not associated with anxiety. Conclusions: Our data suggest that higher diet quality may be associated with lower depressive symptoms and a better QoL in Korean adults. © 2019 The Author(s).
DOI
10.1186/s12889-019-7298-8
Appears in Collections:
신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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