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Measurement of Cs-137 in Ice Core Samples from Antarctica
- Measurement of Cs-137 in Ice Core Samples from Antarctica
- Lim, S. I.; Kim, D. H.; Huh, J. Y.; Lee, J.; Hahn, I. S.; Han, Y. C.; Hur, S. D.; Hwang, H. J.; Kang, W. G.; Kim, Y. D.; Lee, E. K.; Lee, M. H.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY
- JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY vol. 73, no. 9, pp. 1263 - 1268
- Antarctica; Environmental radiation; Artificial radioisotopes; HPGe detector
- KOREAN PHYSICAL SOC
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Document Type
- Three different ice core samples from Antarctica were analyzed to identify activity concentrations of radioactive isotopes. Tracking migration of radioactive isotopes to Antarctica can provide a key clue to understand global environmental changes caused by radiation exposures because the Antarctic ice cores can preserve unique characteristics of various environmental conditions. We are particularly interested in the Cs-137 nucleus, because it is closely related to radiation exposure from nuclear power plant accidents and nuclear bomb tests. With its half life of 30.17 +/- 0.03 years, Cs-137 can also be used to assess the age of sedimentation occurring after around the year 1945. We selected three ice core samples, called Tarn8, Styx27, and H25, from different time periods; the Tarn8 sample is known to be from earlier than similar to 1000 AD, the Styx27 sample is approximately from the year 1945, and the H25 sample is from the year 2012. Radioactive isotope measurements of the ice core samples were performed using a 100% HPGe detector at Cheongpyeong Underground Radiation Laboratory (CURL). We measured the activity of Cs-137 in the H25 sample to be 0.98 +/- 0.82 mBq/kg. Although the activity has a large uncertainty mainly due to the limited sample quantity, the Cs-137 isotopes in the Antarctic ice core were measured for the first time in Korea.
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