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Intake of antioxidant nutrients and risk of metabolic syndrome according to degree of stress in rural Korean women

Title
Intake of antioxidant nutrients and risk of metabolic syndrome according to degree of stress in rural Korean women
Authors
Yoon J.Shin Y.Kang B.Byeon S.Kim S.A.Kim Y.
Ewha Authors
김양하
SCOPUS Author ID
김양하scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
ISSN
1226-3311JCR Link
Citation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 868 - 875
Keywords
Antioxidant nutrientsFruitMetabolic syndromeStressVegetable
Publisher
Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate antioxidant nutrient intake and risk of metabolic syndrome based on stress level in rural Korean women. Subject were participants from the Multi-Rural Communities Cohort Study, which was a part of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. According to scores of the Psychosocial Well-Being Index Short-Form, a total of 10,111 subjects were classified into ‘low stress group (n=8,015)’ from 0 to 26 points and ‘high stress group (n=2,096)’ above 27 points. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood chemical analysis. Dietary nutrient consumption was assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. High stress group showed lower intake of antioxidant nutrients, such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, folate, zinc, and carotene compared to the low stress group. Intake of fruits and vegetable was lower in the high stress group compared to the low stress group. Subjects with high stress showed higher risk of hypertension [odd ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.226 (1.112∼1.351)] and hyper-triglyceridemia [OR, 95% CI=1.227 (1.110∼1.356)] than subjects with low stress. High stress group had a significantly greater odds ratio for metabolic syndrome compared with the low stress group [OR, 95% CI=1.216 (1.101∼1.342]). Thus, the present study suggests that high stress might be associated with low intake of antioxidant nutrients and high risk of metabolic syndrome in rural Korean women. © 2017, Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.3746/jkfn.2017.46.7.868
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신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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