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Association between dietary carotenoid intake and bone mineral density in Korean adults aged 30–75 years using data from the fourth and fifth korean national health and nutrition examination surveys (2008–2011)

Title
Association between dietary carotenoid intake and bone mineral density in Korean adults aged 30–75 years using data from the fourth and fifth korean national health and nutrition examination surveys (2008–2011)
Authors
Regu G.M.Kim H.Kim Y.J.Paek J.E.Lee G.Chang N.Kwon O.
Ewha Authors
장남수권오란이건정
SCOPUS Author ID
장남수scopus; 권오란scopus; 이건정scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
Nutrients
ISSN
2072-6643JCR Link
Citation
vol. 9, no. 9
Keywords
Bone mineral densityPostmenopausal femaleβ-caroteneβ-cryptoxanthin
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Age-related bone loss is a major public health problem. This cross-sectional study examined the association between the dietary intake of carotenoids and bone mineral density (BMD). Data from 8022 subjects (3763 males and 4259 females) aged 30–75 years included in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008–2011) were analyzed. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Intake of carotenoids was estimated using 24-h dietary recall. In multiple linear analysis, after adjusting for covariates, lutein + zeaxanthin and β-cryptoxanthin intake was positively associated with total hip BMD in males and premenopausal women respectively, while β-carotene intake was positively correlated with femoral neck, total hip, and whole-body BMD in postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women in the highest quintile of daily β-carotene intake, showed a lower risk of osteopenia at the lumbar spine (odds ratio (OR): 0.35, 95% CI: 0.16–0.79, P for trend = 0.009) than those in the lowest quintile, after adjusting for covariates. Daily β-cryptoxanthin intake was significantly associated with a lower risk of osteopenia at the total hip (OR per 1 mg/day increase: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.59–0.97), and lumbar spine (OR per 1 mg/day increase: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.70–0.89) in postmenopausal women. These results suggest that the dietary intake of β-carotene and β-cryptoxanthin may have a positive effect on bone health. © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
DOI
10.3390/nu9091025
Appears in Collections:
신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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