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Instant noodle consumption is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul

Title
Instant noodle consumption is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul
Authors
Huh I.S.Kim H.Jo H.K.Lim C.S.Kim J.S.Kim S.J.Kwon O.Oh B.Chang N.
Ewha Authors
장남수
SCOPUS Author ID
장남수scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
Nutrition Research and Practice
ISSN
1976-1457JCR Link
Citation
vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 232 - 239
Keywords
Blood pressureHypertriglyceridemiaMetabolic factorsOverweight
Publisher
Korean Nutrition Society
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of instant noodles has recently been reported to be positively associated with obesity and cardiometabolic syndrome in South Korea, which has the highest per capita instant noodle consumption worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the association between instant noodle consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 3,397 college students (1,782 male; 1,615 female) aged 18-29 years who participated in a health checkup. Information on instant noodle consumption was obtained from the participants’ answers to a question about their average frequency of instant noodle intake over the 1 year period prior to the survey. RESULTS: Statistical analysis using a general linear model that adjusted for age, body mass index, gender, family income, health-related behaviors, and other dietary factors important for cardiometabolic risk, showed a positive association between the frequency of instant noodle consumption and plasma triglyceride levels, diastolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose levels in all subjects. Compared to the group with the lowest frequency of instant noodle intake (≤ 1/month), the odds ratio for hypertriglyceridemia in the group with an intake of ≥ 3/week was 2.639 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.393-5.000] for all subjects, while it was 2.149 (95% CI, 1.045-4.419) and 5.992 (95% CI, 1.859-21.824) for male and female students, respectively. In female students, diastolic blood pressure was also higher among more frequent consumers of instant noodles. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that frequent consumption of instant noodles may be associated with increased cardiometabolic risk factors among apparently healthy college students aged 18-29 years. © 2017 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition.
DOI
10.4162/nrp.2017.11.3.232
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신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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