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Dehydroepiandrosterone inhibits the death of immunostimulated rat C6 glioma cells deprived of glucose
- Dehydroepiandrosterone inhibits the death of immunostimulated rat C6 glioma cells deprived of glucose
- Young Shin C.; Choi J.-W.; Sook Jang E.; Ju C.; Kim W.-K.; Kim H.-C.; Choi C.-R.; Ho Ko K.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Brain Research
- vol. 922, no. 2, pp. 267 - 275
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Pretreatment of interferon-γ and lipopolysaccharides made C6 glioma cells highly vulnerable to glucose deprivation. Neither 12 h of glucose deprivation nor 2-day treatment with interferon-γ (100 U/ml) and lipopolysaccharides (1 μg/ml) altered the viability of C6 glioma cells. However, significant death of immunostimulated C6 glioma cells was observed after 5 h of glucose deprivation. The augmented death was prevented by dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) treatment during immunostimulation, but not by DHEA treatment during glucose deprivation. DHEA reduced the rise in nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity, a marker of peroxynitrite, and superoxide production in glucose-deprived immunostimulated C6 glioma cells. DHEA, however, did not protect glucose-deprived C6 glioma cells from the exogenously produced peroxynitrite by 3-morpholinosydnonimine. Further, DHEA did not alter the production of total reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in immunostimulated C6 glioma cells. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the synthetic SOD mimetic Mn(III)tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin inhibited the death of glucose-deprived immunostimulated C6 glioma cells. In addition, a superoxide anion generator paraquat reversed the protective effect of DHEA on the augmented death. The data indicate that DHEA prevents the glucose deprivation-evoked augmented death by inhibiting the production of superoxide anion in immunostimulated C6 glioma cells. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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