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Systemic human T cell developmental processes in humanized mice cotransplanted with human fetal thymus/liver tissue and hematopoietic stem cells
- Systemic human T cell developmental processes in humanized mice cotransplanted with human fetal thymus/liver tissue and hematopoietic stem cells
- Joo S.-Y.; Chung Y.S.; Choi B.; Kim M.; Kim J.-H.; Jun T.-G.; Chang J.; Sprent J.; Surh C.D.; Joh J.-W.; Kim S.J.
- Ewha Authors
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- Transplantation vol. 94, no. 11, pp. 1095 - 1102
- SCIE; SCOPUS
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- BACKGROUND: In many humanized mouse models, there are few T cells in the engrafted human cell, whereas the number of B cells is high. We attempted to overcome this limitation and investigate whether the entire process of human T cell development arose similarly to the process in humans, as previously reported. METHODS: To produce an advanced humanized mice model, we transplanted human fetal liver/thymus tissue subrenally and injected human CD34+ stem cells intravenously into NOD/SCID/IL2Rgamma null (NSG) mice. RESULTS: Humanized mice transplanted with fetal thymus/liver tissues and fetal liver-derived CD34+ stem cells (FLT+FLCD34) showed higher levels of human cells and T cells than mice transplanted with fetal liver-derived CD34+ stem cells only (FLCD34). In the transplanted thymus tissue of FLT+FLCD34 mice, thymus seeding progenitors (TSPs), early thymic progenitors (ETPs), pre-T cells, and all the other human T cell populations were identified. In the periphery, FLT+FLCD34 mice have high levels of CD45RA+ T cells; conversely, FLCD34 mice have higher levels of CD45RO+ T cells. The CD45RO+ T cells of FLCD34 mice proliferated rapidly after stimulation and exhibited innate T cells properties, expressing PLZF (promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein). CONCLUSION: Human T cells educated by mouse MHC II in mice without a human thymus differ from normal human T cells. On the basis of these findings, numerous T cell-tropic human diseases could be explored in our humanized mice and molecular aspects of human T cell development could be also studied extensively. Copyright © 2012 Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.
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