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Nutrition issues in Codex: Health claims, nutrient reference values and WTO agreements: A conference report

Title
Nutrition issues in Codex: Health claims, nutrient reference values and WTO agreements: A conference report
Authors
Aggett P.J.Hathcock J.Jukes D.Richardson D.P.Calder P.C.Bischoff-Ferrari H.Nicklas T.Muhlebach S.Kwon O.Lewis J.Lugard M.J.F.Prock P.
Ewha Authors
권오란
SCOPUS Author ID
권오란scopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
European Journal of Nutrition
ISSN
1436-6207JCR Link
Citation
vol. 51, no. SUPPL.1, pp. S1 - S7
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background: Codex documents may be used as educational and consensus materials for member governments. Also, the WTO SPS Agreement recognizes Codex as the presumptive international authority on food issues. Nutrient bioavailability is a critical factor in determining the ability of nutrients to provide beneficial effects. Bioavailability also influences the quantitative dietary requirements that are the basis of nutrient intake recommendations and NRVs. Health claims: Codex, EFSA and some national regulatory authorities have established guidelines or regulations that will permit several types of health claims. The scientific basis for claims has been established by the US FDA and EFSA, but not yet by Codex. Evidence-based nutrition differs from evidence-based medicine, but the differences are only recently gaining recognition. Health claims on foods may provide useful information to consumers, but many will interpret the information to mean that they can rely upon the food or nutrient to eliminate a disease risk. Nutrient reference values: NRVs are designed to provide a quantitative basis for comparing the nutritive values of foods, helping to illustrate how specific foods fit into the overall diet. The INL-98 and the mean of adult male and female values provide NRVs that are sufficient when used as targets for individual intakes by most adults. World Trade Organization agreements: WTO recognizes Codex as the primary international authority on food issues. Current regulatory schemes based on recommended dietary allowances are trade restrictive. A substantial number of decisions by the EFSA could lead to violation of WTO agreements. © Springer-Verlag 2012.
DOI
10.1007/s00394-012-0306-8
Appears in Collections:
신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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