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A combined approach of classical mutagenesis and rational metabolic engineering improves rapamycin biosynthesis and provides insights into methylmalonyl-CoA precursor supply pathway in Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC 29253

Title
A combined approach of classical mutagenesis and rational metabolic engineering improves rapamycin biosynthesis and provides insights into methylmalonyl-CoA precursor supply pathway in Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC 29253
Authors
Jung W.S.Yoo Y.J.Park J.W.Park S.R.Han A.R.Ban Y.H.Kim E.J.Kim E.Yoon Y.J.
Ewha Authors
윤여준
SCOPUS Author ID
윤여준scopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ISSN
0175-7598JCR Link
Citation
vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 1389 - 1397
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Rapamycin is a macrocyclic polyketide with immunosuppressive, antifungal, and anticancer activity produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC 29253. Rapamycin production by a mutant strain (UV2-2) induced by ultraviolet mutagenesis was improved by approximately 3.2-fold (23.6 mg/l) compared to that of the wild-type strain. The comparative analyses of gene expression and intracellular acyl-CoA pools between wild-type and the UV2-2 strains revealed that the increased production of rapamycin in UV2-2 was due to the prolonged expression of rapamycin biosynthetic genes, but a depletion of intracellular methylmalonyl-CoA limited the rapamycin biosynthesis of the UV2-2 strain. Therefore, three different metabolic pathways involved in the biosynthesis of methylmalonyl-CoA were evaluated to identify the effective precursor supply pathway that can support the high production of rapamycin: propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC), methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, and methylmalonyl-CoA ligase. Among them, only the PCC pathway along with supplementation of propionate was found to be effective for an increase in intracellular pool of methylmalonyl-CoA and rapamycin titers in UV2-2 strain (42.8 mg/l), indicating that the PCC pathway is a major methylmalonyl-CoA supply pathway in the rapamycin producer. These results demonstrated that the combined approach involving traditional mutagenesis and metabolic engineering could be successfully applied to the diagnosis of yield-limiting factors and the enhanced production of industrially and clinically important polyketide compounds. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
DOI
10.1007/s00253-011-3348-6
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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