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Structural relationships among internal locus of control, institutional support, flow, and learner persistence in cyber universities

Title
Structural relationships among internal locus of control, institutional support, flow, and learner persistence in cyber universities
Authors
Joo Y.J.Joung S.Sim W.J.
Ewha Authors
주영주
SCOPUS Author ID
주영주scopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Computers in Human Behavior
ISSN
0747-5632JCR Link
Citation
vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 714 - 722
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Although cyber education has become significant due to the development of appropriate information and communication technology, it has a problem as compared to traditional educational methods' learning outcomes: a low rate of learner persistence. Learning outcomes in the cyber environment are complex phenomena affected by various factors, which need integrative comprehension regarding how the variables affect learning outcomes, for qualitative improvement. The current study aimed to establish a structural equation model explaining the causal relationships among internal locus of control, institutional support, flow, and learner persistence, and to examine the practical direct and indirect effects among them. Therefore, we conducted surveys on these variables, in order to examine the causal relationships among them. We received responses from 568 students at W Cyber University. The results indicate direct effects between learner's internal locus of control and flow (ß = .273), between institutional support and flow (ß = .487), between internal locus of control and flow (ß = .333), and between flow and learner persistence (ß = .705). In addition, we found flow has an intermediating effect between internal locus of control and learner persistence and between institutional support and learner persistence. We propose strategies to raise learner persistence by improving the learner's internal locus of control, institutional support, and flow based on these results. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.chb.2010.09.007
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 교육공학과 > Journal papers
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