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Identification of H-Ras-Specific motif for the activation of invasive signaling program in human breast epithelial cells
- Identification of H-Ras-Specific motif for the activation of invasive signaling program in human breast epithelial cells
- Yong H.-Y.; Hwang J.-S.; Son H.; Park H.-I.; Oh E.-S.; Kim H.-H.; Kim D.K.; Choi W.S.; Lee B.-J.; Kim H.-R.C.; Moon A.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 98 - 107
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Increased expression and/or activation of H-Ras are often associated with tumor aggressiveness in breast cancer. Previously, we showed that H-Ras, but not N-Ras, induces MCF10A human breast epithelial cell invasion and migration, whereas both H-Ras and N-Ras induce cell proliferation and phenotypic transformation. In an attempt to determine the sequence requirement directing the divergent phenotype induced by H-Ras and N-Ras with a focus on the induction of human breast cell invasion, we investigated the structural and functional relationships between H-Ras and N-Ras using domain-swap and site-directed mutagenesis approaches. Here, we report that the hypervariable region (HVR), consisting of amino acids 166 to 189 in H-Ras, determines the invasive/migratory signaling program as shown by the exchange of invasive phenotype by swapping HVR sequences between H-Ras and N-Ras. We also demonstrate that the H-Ras-specific additional palmitoylation site at Cys184 is not responsible for the signaling events that distinguish between H-Ras and N-Ras. Importantly, this work identifies the C-terminal HVR, especially the flexible linker domain with two consecutive proline residues Pro173 and Pro174, as a critical domain that contributes to activation of H-Ras and its invasive potential in human breast epithelial cells. The present study sheds light on the structural basis for the Ras isoform-specific invasive program of breast epithelial cells, providing information for the development of agents that specifically target invasion-related H-Ras pathways in human cancer. © 2011 Neoplasia Press, Inc. All rights reserved.
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