View : 34 Download: 0

Analysis of Middle School Students' Problem-Solving Process in 'Work and Energy' Lessons

Title
Analysis of Middle School Students' Problem-Solving Process in 'Work and Energy' Lessons
Authors
Kim S.-W.Kim S.-Y.
Ewha Authors
김성원
SCOPUS Author ID
김성원scopus
Issue Date
2003
Journal Title
Journal of the Korean Physical Society
ISSN
0374-4884JCR Link
Citation
vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 972 - 980
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
The purpose of this research is to analyze middle school students' problem-solving process by dividing students into two groups, good novice problem solvers (group G) and poor novice problem solvers (group P) and comparing and contrasting the two groups according to their problem-solving processes. After investigating whether they had prior knowledge of the lesson titled 'Work and Energy', we selected 12 problems and conducted the main research. The main research was conducted by using the thinking aloud method and was accompanied by post-interviews, In most of the problems, group G showed a high tendency of using the K-D (knowledge-development) strategy, and it used the K-D strategy more in scientific contexts than in everyday contexts. Group P produced lower results in using its prior knowledge because of its lack of procedural knowledge and conditional knowledge. Although this group produced better results when provided with pictures, we could not find a correlation between the success in problem solving and the problem's context. Also, generally, group P used the M-E (means-end) and RA (random) strategies, regardless of the problem's context. In analyzing the problem's context and situation (with or without pictures), each group also differed in the time spent and the ratio of time spent in solving the problem to the total time spent.
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 과학교육과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE