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Effective Chemical Route to 2D Nanostructured Silicon Electrode Material: Phase Transition from Exfoliated Clay Nanosheet to Porous Si Nanoplate

Title
Effective Chemical Route to 2D Nanostructured Silicon Electrode Material: Phase Transition from Exfoliated Clay Nanosheet to Porous Si Nanoplate
Authors
Adpakpang, KanyapornPatil, Sharad B.Oh, Seung MiKang, Joo-HeeLacroix, MarcHwang, Seong-Ju
Ewha Authors
황성주
SCOPUS Author ID
황성주scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
ISSN
0013-4686JCR Link1873-3859JCR Link
Citation
vol. 204, pp. 60 - 68
Keywords
Lithium-ion batteriesSilicon2D nanostructureMesoporous materialsClay
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
An efficient and economical route for the synthesis of porous two-dimensional (2D) nanoplates of silicon is developed via the magnesiothermically-induced phase transition of exfoliated clay 2D nanosheets. The magnesiothermic reaction of precursor clay nanosheets prepared by the exfoliation and restacking with Mg2+ cations yields porous 2D nanoplates of elemental silicon. The variation in the Mg:SiO2 ratio has a significant effect on the porosity and connectivity of silicon nanoplates. The porous silicon nanoplates show a high discharge capacity of 2000 mAh g (1) after 50 cycles. Of prime importance is that this electrode material still retains a large discharge capacity at higher C-rates, which is unusual for the elemental silicon electrode. This is mainly attributed to the improved diffusion of lithium ions, charge-transfer kinetics, and the preservation of the electrical connection of the porous 2D plate-shaped morphology. This study highlights the usefulness of clay mineral as an economical and scalable precursor of high-performance silicon electrodes with tailorable nanostructures. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.electacta.2016.04.043
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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