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A Phellinus baumii-based supplement containing Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge improves atherothrombotic profiles through endothelial nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase pathways in vitro and in vivo
- A Phellinus baumii-based supplement containing Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge improves atherothrombotic profiles through endothelial nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase pathways in vitro and in vivo
- Lim, Yeni; Lee, Sena; Kim, Ji Yeon; Shin, Jae-Ho; Kwon, Oran
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS
- vol. 24, pp. 231 - 243
- Atherothrombotic profile; Combination supplement of; Phellinus baumii and Salvia; miltiorrhiza Bunge; Endothelial nitric oxide synthase; Cyclooxygenase; Platelet activation model
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Given the high prevalence of atherothrombotic disease and increasing attention to functional foods, we tested the hypothesis that a combination supplement (PS) containing Phellinus baumii (PB) and Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (SM) may improve the atherothrombotic profile in rats. The PS (Experiment 1) or PB/SM (Experiment 2) supplement was administered orally once daily for 7 days prior to inducing platelet activation at the last day. Orally administered PS showed an additive and positive effect on nitric oxide (NO) availability, adhesion molecule/pro-inflammatory cytokine release, and thrombosis compared to controls. This effect was attributed more to PB than to SM for cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and to SM for COX-2. In vitro data revealed that tanshinone IIA derived from SM remarkably suppressed COX-2, and protocatechuic acid derived from PB caused a small increase in NO production. The data suggest the potential use of PS to ameliorate endothelial and vascular dysfunction induced by unintended platelet activation. (c) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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