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Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au plus Au collisions at root s(NN)=7.7-200 GeV

Title
Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au plus Au collisions at root s(NN)=7.7-200 GeV
Authors
Adare, A.Afanasiev, S.Aidala, C.Ajitanand, N. N.Akiba, Y.Akimoto, R.Al-Bataineh, H.Alexander, J.Al-Ta'ani, H.Angerami, A.Aoki, K.Apadula, N.Aramaki, Y.Asano, H.Aschenauer, E. C.Atomssa, E. T.Averbeck, R.Awes, T. C.Azmoun, B.Babintsev, V.Bai, M.Baksay, G.Baksay, L.Bannier, B.Barish, K. N.Bassalleck, B.Basye, A. T.Bathe, S.Baublis, V.Baumann, C.Baumgart, S.Bazilevsky, A.Belikov, S.Belmont, R.Bennett, R.Berdnikov, A.Berdnikov, Y.Bickley, A. A.Black, D.Blau, D. S.Bok, J. S.Boyle, K.Brooks, M. L.Bryslawskyj, J.Buesching, H.Bumazhnov, V.Bunce, G.Butsyk, S.Camacho, C. M.Campbell, S.Castera, P.Chen, C. -H.Chi, C. Y.Chiu, M.Choi, I. J.Choi, J. B.Choi, S.Choudhury, R. K.Christiansen, P.Chujo, T.Chung, P.Chvala, O.Cianciolo, V.Citron, Z.Cole, B. A.Connors, M.Constantin, P.Cronin, N.Crossette, N.Csanad, M.Csoergo, T.Dahms, T.Dairaku, S.Danchev, I.Das, K.Datta, A.Daugherity, M. S.David, G.Dehmelt, K.Denisov, A.Deshpande, A.Desmond, E. J.Dharmawardane, K. V.Dietzsch, O.Ding, L.Dion, A.Do, J. H.Donadelli, M.D'Orazio, L.Drapier, O.Drees, A.Drees, K. A.Durham, J. M.Durum, A.Dutta, D.Edwards, S.Efremenko, Y. V.Ellinghaus, F.Engelmore, T.Enokizono, A.En'yo, H.Esumi, S.Eyser, K. O.Fadem, B.Fields, D. E.Finger, M.Finger, M., Jr.Fleuret, F.Fokin, S. L.Fraenkel, Z.Frantz, J. E.Franz, A.Frawley, A. D.Fujiwara, K.Fukao, Y.Fusayasu, T.Gainey, K.Gal, C.Garg, P.Garishvili, A.Garishvili, I.Giordano, F.Glenn, A.Gong, H.Gong, X.Gonin, M.Goto, Y.de Cassagnac, R. GranierGrau, N.Greene, S. V.Perdekamp, M. GrosseGu, Y.Gunji, T.Guo, L.Gustafsson, H. -A.Hachiya, T.Haggerty, J. S.Hahn, K. I.Hamagaki, H.Hamblen, J.Han, R.Hanks, J.Hartouni, E. P.Hashimoto, K.Haslum, E.Hayano, R.Hayashi, S.He, X.Heffner, M.Hemmick, T. K.Hester, T.Hill, J. C.Hohlmann, M.Hollis, R. S.Holzmann, W.Homma, K.Hong, B.Horaguchi, T.Hori, Y.Hornback, D.Huang, S.Ichihara, T.Ichimiya, R.Ide, J.Iinuma, H.Ikeda, Y.Imai, K.Imazu, Y.Imrek, J.Inaba, M.Iordanova, A.Isenhower, D.Ishihara, M.Isinhue, A.Isobe, T.Issah, M.Isupov, A.Ivanishchev, D.Jacak, B. V.Javani, M.Jia, J.Jiang, X.Jin, J.Johnson, B. M.Joo, K. S.Jouan, D.Jumper, D. S.Kajihara, F.Kametani, S.Kamihara, N.Kamin, J.Kaneti, S.Kang, B. H.Kang, J. H.Kang, J. S.Kapustinsky, J.Karatsu, K.Kasai, M.Kawall, D.Kawashima, M.Kazantsev, A. V.Kempel, T.Key, J. A.Khandai, P. K.Khanzadeev, A.Kijima, K. M.Kim, B. I.Kim, C.Kim, D. H.Kim, D. J.Kim, E.Kim, E. -J.Kim, H. J.Kim, K. -B.Kim, S. H.Kim, Y. -J.Kim, Y. K.Kinney, E.Kiriluk, K.Kiss, A.Kistenev, E.Klatsky, J.Kleinjan, D.Kline, P.Kochenda, L.Komatsu, Y.Komkov, B.Konno, M.Koster, J.Kotchetkov, D.Kotov, D.Kozlov, A.Kral, A.Kravitz, A.Krizek, F.Kunde, G. J.Kurita, K.Kurosawa, M.Kwon, Y.Kyle, G. S.Lacey, R.Lai, Y. S.Lajoie, J. G.Lebedev, A.Lee, B.Lee, D. M.Lee, J.Lee, K.Lee, K. B.Lee, K. S.Lee, S. H.Lee, S. R.Leitch, M. J.Leite, M. A. L.Leitgab, M.Leitner, E.Lenzi, B.Lewis, B.Li, X.Liebing, P.Lim, S. H.Levy, L. A. LindenLiska, T.Litvinenko, A.Liu, H.Liu, M. X.Love, B.Luechtenborg, R.Lynch, D.Maguire, C. F.Makdisi, Y. I.Makek, M.Malakhov, A.Malik, M. D.Manion, A.Manko, V. I.Mannel, E.Mao, Y.Maruyama, T.Masui, H.Masumoto, S.Matathias, F.McCumber, M.McGaughey, P. L.McGlinchey, D.McKinney, C.Means, N.Meles, A.Mendoza, M.Meredith, B.Miake, Y.Mibe, T.Midori, J.Mignerey, A. C.Mikes, P.Miki, K.Milov, A.Mishra, D. K.Mishra, M.Mitchell, J. T.Miyachi, Y.Miyasaka, S.Mohanty, A. K.Mohapatra, S.Moon, H. J.Morino, Y.Morreale, A.Morrison, D. P.Moskowitz, M.Motschwiller, S.Moukhanova, T. V.Murakami, T.Murata, J.Mwai, A.Nagae, T.Nagamiya, S.Nagle, J. L.Naglis, M.Nagy, M. I.Nakagawa, I.Nakamiya, Y.Nakamura, K. R.Nakamura, T.Nakano, K.Nattrass, C.Nederlof, A.Netrakanti, P. K.Newby, J.Nguyen, M.Nihashi, M.Niida, T.Nouicer, R.Novitzky, N.Nukariya, A.Nyanin, A. S.Obayashi, H.O'Brien, E.Oda, S. X.Ogilvie, C. A.Oka, M.Okada, K.Onuki, Y.Oskarsson, A.Ouchida, M.Ozawa, K.Pak, R.Pantuev, V.Papavassiliou, V.Park, B. H.Park, I. H.Park, J.Park, S.Park, S. K.Park, W. J.Pate, S. F.Patel, L.Pei, H.Peng, J. -C.Pereira, H.Perepelitsa, D. V.Peresedov, V.Peressounko, D. Yu.Petti, R.Pinkenburg, C.Pisani, R. P.Proissl, M.Purschke, M. L.Purwar, A. K.Qu, H.Rak, J.Rakotozafindrabe, A.Ravinovich, I.Read, K. F.Reygers, K.Reynolds, D.Riabov, V.Riabov, Y.Richardson, E.Riveli, N.Roach, D.Roche, G.Rolnick, S. D.Rosati, M.Rosen, C. A.Rosendahl, S. S. E.Rosnet, P.Rukoyatkin, P.Ruzicka, P.Ryu, M. S.Sahlmueller, B.Saito, N.Sakaguchi, T.Sakashita, K.Sako, H.Samsonov, V.Sano, M.Sano, S.Sarsour, M.Sato, S.Sato, T.Sawada, S.Sedgwick, K.Seele, J.Seidl, R.Semenov, A. Yu.Sen, A.Seto, R.Sett, P.Sharma, D.Shein, I.Shibata, T. -A.Shigaki, K.Shimomura, M.Shoji, K.Shukla, P.Sickles, A.Silva, C. L.Silvermyr, D.Silvestre, C.Sim, K. S.Singh, B. K.Singh, C. P.Singh, V.Skolnik, M.Slunecka, M.Solano, S.Soltz, R. A.Sondheim, W. E.Sorensen, S. P.Sourikova, I. V.Sparks, N. A.Stankus, P. W.Steinberg, P.Stenlund, E.Stepanov, M.Ster, A.Stoll, S. P.Sugitate, T.Sukhanov, A.Sun, J.Sziklai, J.Takagui, E. M.Takahara, A.Taketani, A.Tanabe, R.Tanaka, Y.Taneja, S.Tanida, K.Tannenbaum, M. J.Tarafdar, S.Taranenko, A.Tarjan, P.Tennant, E.Themann, H.Thomas, T. L.Todoroki, T.Togawa, M.Toia, A.Tomasek, L.Tomasek, M.Torii, H.Towell, R. S.Tserruya, I.Tsuchimoto, Y.Tsuji, T.Vale, C.Valle, H.van Hecke, H. W.Vargyas, M.Vazquez-Zambrano, E.Veicht, A.Velkovska, J.Vertesi, R.Vinogradov, A. A.Virius, M.Voas, B.Vossen, A.Vrba, V.Vznuzdaev, E.Wang, X. R.Watanabe, D.Watanabe, K.Watanabe, Y.Watanabe, Y. S.Wei, F.Wei, R.Wessels, J.Whitaker, S.White, S. N.Winter, D.Wolin, S.Wood, J. P.Woody, C. L.Wright, R. M.Wysocki, M.Xia, B.Xie, W.Yamaguchi, Y. L.Yamaura, K.Yang, R.Yanovich, A.Ying, J.Yokkaichi, S.You, Z.Young, G. R.Younus, I.Yushmanov, I. E.Zajc, W. A.Zelenski, A.Zhang, C.Zhou, S.Zolin, L.PHENIX Collaboration
Ewha Authors
한인식
SCOPUS Author ID
한인식scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
PHYSICAL REVIEW C
ISSN
0556-2813JCR Link1089-490XJCR Link
Citation
vol. 93, no. 1
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
We report the measurement of cumulants (C-n,n = 1, ..., 4) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity (vertical bar eta vertical bar < 0.35) in Au + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 7.7-200 GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The ratios of cumulants (e.g., C-1/C-2, C-3/C-1) of the net-charge distributions, which can be related to volume independent susceptibility ratios, are studied as a function of centrality and energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of C-1/C-2 and C-3/C-1 can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy. The extracted baryon chemical potentials are in excellent agreement with a thermal-statistical analysis model.
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevC.93.011901
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 과학교육과 > Journal papers
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