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國民學校 韓國畵 指導方法硏究

Title
國民學校 韓國畵 指導方法硏究
Other Titles
(A) Study Guidance way of Korean paintings in primary school : Majority Centered in Mild-Level of Primary School Children
Authors
배영순
Issue Date
1993
Department/Major
교육대학원 미술교육전공
Keywords
국민학교한국화지도방법미술교육
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
오용길
Abstract
This study majorly issued following points to test the new possibility of Korean paintings through actual guidance of Korean paintings in the scope of primary school arts curriculum using various circumstances of ours based on Korean panting method, elements, usage of brushs and explanations of Korean painting and to suggest on of the model in the guidance of korean paintings by showing teaching method based on guidance planning. 1. How much portions of Korean paintings are valued on current primary school arts curriculum. 2. Appreciate the variety, material, technique and tool usage of the Korean paintings in primary school arts curriculum. 3. Plan systematic teaching method of Korean painting on primary school arts curriculum and refer to improve teaching method by perceiving the problems after applying it to actual spot. This study was done in the way of supplenting one by one after having applied the Korean painting method, which was made up by analyzing bibliogray, existing thesis and by experiencing sopt guidance, to actual primary and middle school class. After drawing up teaching method based on DABE method, which is being educated systematically and instructing students at the class to get more desirable and effective method in the guidance of Korean paining, positive following results were achieved. 1. It has aided children in cultivating critical appreciaion of their surroundings or realities and has accordingly promoted aesthetic susceptability and the ability of description enhanced by the power of observation. 2. It has aided children enhancing endurance and patience by learning Korean paintings, which need detailed basic sketch and painting. 3. Integrated studying effects were schieved by guiding children on Korean paintings in connection with other curriculum based on their experiences in Korean paintings. 4. Children began to know the characteristic of traditional Korean painting's material and method and began to have the capability of applying various materials and method to Korean paintings and come to understand that Korean painting is very interesting. 5. Children's drawing compsition and expression ability have been enhanced by guiding children in the method of appreciation of landscape and genre in Korean paintings. 6. Children come to understand traditional Korean painting gradually and come to proud of Korean paintings on their superiority through the experience of drawing Korean paintings by themselves and through appreciation opportunity of it. In view of above points, the guidance of Korean painting in primary school arts curriculum should be done systemetically and continuously from primary school that is the basic spot in education. By doing so, traditional Korean beauty will be inherited and it'll contribute in imkproving arts education in primary school as a creative method of expressing children's interior world by understanding traditional Korean painting's material and method and drawing Korean paintings themselves with much of their interests.;本 硏究는 國民學校 美術料繪畵領域에서의 韓國畵 現場指導를 통하여 韓國畵의 技法, 材料, 用具使用法, 製作過程의 설명과 傳統的인 韓國畵의 材料를 바탕으로 生活 周邊의 다양한 사물들을 素材로 活用하여 韓國畵의 새로운 可能性을 實驗하고, 韓國畵學習計劃에 의한 授業模型을 提示함으로써 韓國畵 指導에 있어서 하나의 示範的인 參考 資料가 되도록 하기 위해서 다음과 같은 문제를 설정하였다. 1. 현행 國民學校 美術料敎育課程에서 韓國畵 領域은 어떤 比重을 차지하고 있는가? 2. 國民學校 美術科에서 韓國畵指導의 多樣性과 材料, 技法, 用具 使用法, 製作 過程 둥을 알아 본다. 3. 國民學校 美術科의 韓國畵敎育에서 體系的 學習指導計劃을 세워 실제 敎育現場에 적용해 보고 그 問題點을 파악하여 美術敎育改善에 참고하도록 한다. 위와 같은 문제를 해결하기 위하여 文獻分析方法과 先行 論文資料와 現場指導 經驗을 바탕으로 韓國畵學習指導計劃과 方法을 實際 授業現場에서 國民學校 中學年 兒童을 對象으로 實習해 보고, 그 補完點을 찾아 補充하는 方法으로 進行하였다. 그리고 좀 더 효과적인 韓國畵指導의 바람직한 結果를 얻기 위하여 體系的인 學習計劃에 의해 교육되어지는 DBAE의 미술과학습지도모형에 맞추어 授業指導案을 作成하고 現場指導를 해 본 결과 다음과 같은 肯定的인 敎育成果를 가져올 수 있었다. 1. 周圍 事物이나 現實에 대한 아동들의 批判的 眼目과 觀察力의 伸張에 따른 美的 感受性과 描寫力의 향상을 가져 왔다. 2. 밑그림을 자세하게 그리고 꼼꼼하게 색칠하는 한국화학습과정을 통하여 誠實性과 持久力의 訓練에 도움이 되었다. 3. 아동들의 經驗을 바탕으로 타 교과와 관련하여 지도함으로써 統合的 學習 效果를 거둘 수 있었다. 4. 傳統的 韓國畵의 材料·技法의 特性을 알고, 生活周邊의 多樣한 材料와 색다른 技法을 응용할 수 있는 能力이 생겼으며, '한국화는 재미있는 그림'이라는 생각을 갖게 되었다. 5. 傳統 山水畵와 風裕畵의 鑑賞指導를 통해 화면 구성력의 伸張과 動勢表現能力이 향상되었다. 6. 韓國畵 作品 製作 過程과 감상시간을 통하여 博統繪畵作品에 대한 理解와 傳統文化와 美術品의 優秀性에 대한 自矜心을 갖게 되었다. 위와 같은 결과를 볼 때 미술과에 있어서의 韓國畵의 指導는 敎育의 基礎的인 場인, 國民學校의 敎育現場에서부터 體系的 連續的으로 이루어져야 하고 韓國畵의 傳統的 材料와 技法을 알고 製作過程에 興味를 느끼고 作業에 임하므로써, 韓國의 傳統美를 繼承하고 나아가 兒童의 內面을 表出하는 創造的 作業으로서의 主體性 있는 美術敎育의 改善에 이바지할 수 있다고 본다.
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