View : 23 Download: 0

韓國都市 老人에 關한 一硏究

Title
韓國都市 老人에 關한 一硏究
Other Titles
(A) STUDY OF THE ELDERLY IN URBAN AREA OF KOREA : with comparition between upper class and low class
Authors
李玉載
Issue Date
1980
Department/Major
교육대학원 가정과교육전공
Keywords
한국도시노인고소득층저소득층
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
우리나라는 1960年代 以後 四次에 걸친 經濟開發計劃의 成功的인 遂行으로 國民生活 水準의 全般的인 向上을 이루었으며, 社會的으로도 큰 變化를 招來하였다. 특히 國民經濟의 成長과 더불어 醫學의 發達로 平均壽命이 延長됨에 따라 老人人口가 크게 增大하였다. 이처럼 老人의 숫자가 增大됨에 따라 老人問題에 對한 關心이 날로 높아가고 있다. 老人問題는 여러 가지가 있으나 보다 具體的으로 表現하면 老人의 三苦와 直結되는 것으로 그 三苦는 ① 貧困 ② 病苦 ③ 孤獨으로 代表되는데 본 論文에서는 老人들의 三苦에 重點을 두고 階層別로 高所得層과 低所得層에 어떤 差異가 있는지, 또한 核家族制度로 인한 老人의 住居問題와 家庭內에서 老人地位의 變化를 알아보는데 目的이 있으며, 이와같이 우리나라의 老人問題를 診斷하므로써 그 豫防對策을 摸索해 보는데 意義가 있다. 硏究方法은 老人問題에 對하여 設問紙에 의한 個別面接調査를 實施하였고 對象은 高所得層은 아파트를 中心으로, 低所得層은 一般住宅 및 아파트를 中心으로 하였으며, 不足한 점은 관계 文獻資料를 蒐集하여 擴充하였다. 그 決果 다음과 같은 內容을 發見하였다. 老人들의 가장 큰 問題로 集約되는 三苦는 각기 別個의 問題가 아니라, 서로 緊密한 聯關을 맺고 있었는데 첫째 解決하기 가장 어려운 점은 經濟的 貧困으로, 老人들의 大多數가 職業이 없어 經濟的으로 獨立하지 못하고 있으며, 용돈은 大部分 長男에 依支하고 있었고 특히 高所得層보다 低所得層에서 많이 依存하고 있는 實情이었다. 또한 高所得層 老人의 용돈은 10,000원 以上을 쓰는 사람이 大部分이었고, 低所得層 老人은 5,000원 以下를 쓰는 사람이 半數를 넘고있어, 不滿足度는 低所得層이 높았다. 둘째, 健康狀態는 大體로 健康한 편으로 나타났지만, 高所得層보다는 低所得層이 더 健康하였고, 老人들의 主要疾病은 神經痛, 氣管支, 喘息 해소기침 消化不良등이 많았으며, 發病時 病院을 찾는 老人은 階層에 關係없이 半數도 못되었다. 健康管理를 爲해서는 많은 老人들이 關心을 가지고 있었는데, 高所得層은 補藥을 利用하고, 低所得層에서는 運動이나 散策을 比較的 많이 利用하였다. 그러나 病院을 利用할 경우 高所得層老人이 低所得層 老人보다 3培 가까이나 醫療保險의 惠澤을 받고 있었다. 셋째, 孤獨感을 느끼는 老人의 數는 高所得層이 低所得層보다 多少 높았는데 職業이 없는 境遇와, 女子보다 男子가 孤獨感을 조금더 느끼고 있었으며, 孤獨을 느끼는 理由로는 "家族이 別로 없기 때문에"와 "家族들이 모두 자기일에만 沒頭하기 때문"으로 나타났다. 집에서 주로 하는일은 高所得層 老人의 境遇 자기를 위한 일을 많이하였고, 低所得層 老人들은 집을 지키거나 孫子女를 돌보고 있었다. 네째, 核家族에 對한 意見은 過半數의 老人이 反對를 하였는데 高所得層의 反對가 조금더 높았다. 그리고 現在 長男과 함께 살고 있는 老人이 약 반을 차지하였고, 希望하는 居住形態는 역시 結婚후에도 同居를 願하는 傾向이 높았는데 이점도 高所得層이 低所得層 보다도 다소 높았으며, 그 이유는 몸시중 때문이라는 것이 階層에 차이 없이 가장 많았다. 다섯째 家庭內의 意思決定權者는 大部分 扶養하고 있는 아들이 行使하고 있으며 重要한 問題가 생겼을때 老人들과 意論하는 境遇는 高所得層이 조금 높았고, 老人 자신들이 隱退後에는 모든 決定權을 子女들에게 委任하고 싶어하였는데 이는 低所得層이 높았다. 이러한 老人問題는 老人들 스스로의 意識構造에 變化가 있어야만 가장 해결이 빠르겠고, 젊은이들도 老人들을 잘 理解하고 敬老思想을 높여야 하겠으며, 국가에서는 國民福祉 年金制度, 低所得層의 生活保護法 對象者 擴大等 制度的인 次元을 마련해 주어야 하며, 또한 醫療保險制度를 擴充하여 老人들에게만이라도 누구나 부담없이 병원을 드나들 수 있도록 해야겠다. 또한 餘生을 편히 즐길수 있는 福祉施設을 擴充하여 敬老堂·老人體養 施設의 增設이 시급히 要請된다.;Our country has achieved overall improvement in living standard of people by accomplishing four-times economic development after 1960's. As the result of it, there has occurred many social changes in our country. Especially with the growth of national economic and the great development in the field of medical science, tIe average age is extended and therefore the elderly population is increased considerably. As the number of the elderly increase, the elderly problems are taken a growing interest among people. There are many problems among the elderly problems but they are directly connected with three-pains of the elderly the poverty, the diseases, the solitary The main purpose of this thesis lies in researching above three pains of the elderly, trying to find the defferences between the upper class and the low class, and trying to find the elderly's housing problems and the elderly's position in their families that changed by nicleae family system. And we notice that formes are recieved benefits of medical insurance three times much than the latters. As the management of their health, the former use to take restoratives, and the latter exercise and take a walk. Third, the number of the elderly who feel solitary are more in upper class than low class, especially when they have no jobs and men feel solitary than the other. Fourth, as the opinions about the nuclear family system, almost of the elderly are against to it, especially the upper class show higher percentage than the low class, because of the needs to be supported their week bodies. And as the family system, they want to live with their sons after the marriage of their son, also it show higher percentage in upper class than low class. Fifth, the eldest son has a initiative to make a decision in family, and the sons of upper class show higher problems are happened, and the elderly of low class show higher percentage in giving the all initiatives of making a decision to their sons after their retired than upper class. So it is very important to make a chage the elderly's consciences structure by themselves, and to make to understand for the young men the elderly's problems, and to have a attitude to admire the elderly. And in the policy of nation, the national welfare pension system, national income maintance system for low class and so on must be provided in the systems of nation, and through the widthen the medical insurance, the elderly can use the medical facilities as their minds. And I think it is significant to take precautionary measures, and to find the solution about them through the diagnosing the elderly problems. As the method of the research, I took the personal interview method with questionaries, also I took the object of the investigation aims to the elderly living in apartment in which upper class and low class people live, and later I fill up the lack with matrials that concerned with it. As the result, I found five conclusions like below; that is, the three pains aggregated as the most serious problems are connected with each other, not individually. First, the most difficult problems are the economic poverty, because the elderly of low class and upper class have no jobs and they are supported by their eldest sons, especially the elderly of low class are more supported than the elderly of upper class. And the elderly of upper class spend much pocket money than those of low class, but the degree of satisfaction of spending money is lower in upper class than low class, even though the elderly of upper class spend 10,000won per month and the elderly of low class spend less than 5,000won in average. Second, generally they are in good health but the elderly of upper class are in more good health than the elderly of low class. And their main diseases of the elderly are rheumatism, bronchial asthma, coughing, indigestion and so on, and less than the half of the elderly can use medical facilities when they are ill. And it is also important to improve the welfare facilities like the elderly's hall, the elderly : a resort facilities and so on to spend their residue lives comfortably.
Fulltext
Show the fulltext
Appears in Collections:
교육대학원 > 가정과교육전공 > Theses_Master
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE