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國民學校의 創作舞踊指導에 關한 一硏究

Title
國民學校의 創作舞踊指導에 關한 一硏究
Other Titles
(The) Study of Teaching Creative Dance to the Children in the Elementary School : Around the lower Class Children
Authors
李永心
Issue Date
1983
Department/Major
교육대학원 체육교육전공
Keywords
국민학교창작무용지도창작무용움직임
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
홍정희
Abstract
Creative Dance is the dance expression which shows the complex phenomenon co-related in representing image externally in dance-forming as well as expressing spritual cortents, with the material of the human body. This phenomenon accords with the aesthetic creation of the arts. All the creative acts are made by the expression-activity power of the will transmitted by the movement - a series of conscious imaginary spritual activities. A child has much imaginative power and enjoys the movement itself. A child also has the latent faculties of expression and creation, and these faculties can be developed by the efficient learning. Expecially, the movement education is considered an important thing these days, and the general tendency of the dance-education course in the elementary school flows into the direction of developing the latent faculties. Therefore, this study places the focus in the hypothesis that the idea of creative dance is a creative dance through movement, and loys the purpose of study in developing, as an attempt, the contents of the dance-learning program in which the creative-expression activity is the point. I establish the study contents as follows for the purpose of this study. 1. As dance is the expression through body-movement, I apply the elements of the primary basic movement of nonlocomotor movement, locomotor movement, and combination movement presented in Fleming (1976). 2. With the understanding of the basic forming elements - the body factor, the space factor, and the time factor which are the external factors in dance-forming, the latent faculties can be developed through movement. Especially, as Rhythm is an important forming element of dance, it is more effective to combine rhythm with accompaniment in unfolding expression-activity. 3. It is possible to express through body-movement. And by selecting the materials exciting imagination and by presenting the proper contents thinking the kind of movement or the element of form, we can give rise to children's the curiosity and interest of expression-activity, and the individual, creative expression-power of children can be elevated and developed. To be most important in the dance-education of children, we should help their body develop and should help their aethetic sense grow. Accordingly we should help children grow and develop as harmonious sound children. We also should help children take the course of intellectual study, by letting children learn for themselves with their own acts not by letting children learn, with expression-technique.;創作舞踊이란 人間의 身體를 素材르 하여 精神內容의 表現만이 아니라 外的으로 舞踊形成에 이미지 (Imlage)를 表象시키는 複合的 현상이 相互關聯되어 나타내는 舞踊表現으로 이 현상은 芸術의 美的 創造와 一致 한다. 모든 創造行爲는 一連의 의식적인 움직임(Move-ment)에 의하여 전달되는 意志의 表現活動으로 이루어진다. 人間이 生을 營爲해 나아감에 있어서 表現本能이 없으면 有를 창조하지 못하며 창조의지의 전달인 想像的 精神活動이 없으면 生의 가치는 無價値한 것이기에 敎育이 必要하며, 芸術이 必要한 것이다. 어린이는 豊富한 想像生活을 하며 움직임 자체를 즐기기에 表現力, 創造力의 산재능력을 지니고 있으며, 이 能力은 效率的인 學習에 의하여 鬧發될 수 있는 것이며, 어린이들의 舞踊이란 但只 身體를 움직임으로써 表現한다. 오늘날 國民學校 敎育過程의 -般的 動向이 움직임敎育(Movement Education)을 중요시 하여 潛在能力 開發이라는 方向으로 止揚되어 나아가고 있음에 따라서 本 硏究는 創作舞踊의 ㅁ 念을 움직임을 通한 創造的 舞踊이라는 假說에 촛점을 두어 創造的 表現活動이 中心이 되는 舞誦學習 프로그램의 內容을 하나의 試圖로서 開發하는데 硏究目的을 두었다. 本 硏究의 目的을 위하여 다음과 같은 硏究內容을 設定하였다. 1. 舞踊은 身體 動作에 의한 表現이므로 Fleming(1976)에 제시되어 있는 非移動 運動(Non locomotor movement), 移動 運動(Lo-comotor movement), 複合 運動(Combination movement)의 初步的 基本動作을 應用하였다. 2. 舞雌形成의 外的인 要因이 되는 身體的 要因, 空問的 要因, 時間的 要因 등의 기초적 構成要素와의 관계를 이해시킴으로써 움직임을 통하여 潘在能力은 開發될 수 있는 것이며, 특히 리듬(Rhy-thm)은 舞踊의 重要한 구성요소가 되며 어린이에게 Rhythm을 敎育하는 것은 創造的 敎育이 된다. 3. 身體 움직임으로 表現이 可能하며, 想像力을 자극하는 題材를 선정하여 動作의 種類나 構成要素와의 關係를 念頭에 두고서 內容을 제시해 줌으로써 表現活動에 호기심과 興味를 동기 유발하게 되어서 個性的·獨創的인 表現力이 向上될 수 있다. 또한 表現活動을 展開할 때 반주의 리듬을 兼하면 더욱 效果的이다. 舞踊敎育은 어린이의 身體開發을 도우며 美的 感識力을 길러주는데 도움을 주어 心身이 조화로운 全兒로서 成長 發澾할 수 있도록 表現技術보다 어린이 스스로 行함으로써 學習하는 知的 探究過程이 되어야 한다.
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