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問題女高生의 衣服行動에 關한 意識과 自我槪念과의 相關硏究

Title
問題女高生의 衣服行動에 關한 意識과 自我槪念과의 相關硏究
Other Titles
(A) Study on the Relationship Between the self-concept and the consiousness on clothing behaviors for a group of problem-high-school girls
Authors
李南範
Issue Date
1985
Department/Major
교육대학원 가정과교육전공
Keywords
문제여고생의복행동의식자아개념
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
The proposes of this study are to understand the correlation of the consciousness on clothing behaviors of problem-high-school girls being easy to cause problem conducts because they cannot adapt themselves to their environment, with their self-concept and to offer educational data of the clothing life field for preventing and guiding properly problem-students by examining the relation of the consciousness on clothing behaviors to the variables of the home environment. The hypotheses used in this study are as follows: 1. There are mutual relations between variables of the consciousness on clothing behaviors. 2. There are relations of the consciousness on clothing behaviors to the self-concept of self. 3. There are relations of the consciousness on clothing behaviors to the home environment. Additionally, there is a research on the actual state of the clothing of problem-high-school girls. The measuring instrument for self-concept was a fest prepared by Jung Won-Sik. In the consciousness on behaviors there are 90 items, corresponding to a variables of esthetics, modesty, interest, attention, management, dependence, approval, comfort and fashion. These 90 items chosen from Creekmore's items (1971) and from internal preceding studies. In the variables of the home environment, the social and economic position of home, whether or not living with parents, etc were measured. The job of the head of a family, (her) his education Level and monthly income, the degree of cultural position and then they were classified into high, middle, and low groups. Ten items concerning hair style, the kinds and styles of tunic and trousers, the degree of fitness to the body and color, and the basis of internal preceding studies, were pretested, corrected, and supplemented. Thus the true state of the clothing wearing was surveyed. The objects of the sampling were problem-students of selected schools, which included 5 city schools and 9 suburb schools among girls' high schools in the Chungnam province. The selection was made in consideration the data of 70 survey paper were organized and presented as statistics. Frequency, percentage, the mean, the standard deviation, the output of pearson's correlation and t-examination were enforced in the analysis of data. The results obtained from data analysis are as follows: 1. It shows that the self-concept of problem-high school girls in comparatively lower them general high school girls' 2. In mutual relations of the consciousness on clothing behaviors variables, the disposition of esthetics shows affirmative correlation with the disposition of interst, attention, management, dependence and fashion at a level of P<.001, and there are affirmative correlations of the modesty disposition with the approval variable, and the dependence disposition with the fashion variable at a level of P <.001. However, the disposition of comfort with the variable show negative correlations at a level of P <.01. 3. The relation between the consciousness on clothing behaviors and the self-conception total of esthetics, managment, and modesty at a level of P<.001. The systems on which internal self is based, the self-identity with the dispositions of esthetics and management, and self-acceptance with the disposition of esthetics show affirmative correlations at a level of p<.00l. The self-behavior with dispositions of esthetics, modesty and management show affirmative correlations at a level of P<.01. The systems on which the external self is based, physical self with dispositions of esthetics and dependence, ethical self with the disposition of modesty, self of character, and domestic self with the disposition of management, and social self with the disposition of esthetics show affirmative correlations at a level of P<.001. 4. The relation of the consciousness on clothing behaviors to the home environment, the social and economic position with the disposition of Approval show negative correlations at a level of P<.01. 5. The group of problem-high-school girls mostly wore T-shirts closely knit to the body or very baggy, as a tunic, and wore tight trousers, very baggy disco trousers and tight-skirts than the group of general high school girls and then its lengths were comperatively short. In hair style, they had permanent were or machined dried hair and unbalanced hair style. That is, the group of problem-high-school girls has a tendency to follow A new fashion.;本 硏究의 目的은 자신이 처해 있는 環境에 원만하게 適應하지 못하므로 문제행동이 유발되기 쉬운 問題女高生의 衣服行動에 관한 意識과 自我槪念과의 관계를 把握하고, 衣服行動에 관한 의식과 家庭環境과의 關係를 糾明함으로써, 問題學生의 예방 및 선도를 위한 衣生活 側面의 敎育的 資料를 提供하는데 있다. 本 硏究에서 糾明하려는 假說은 첫째, 衣服行動에 관한 意識 상호간에 關係가 있을 것이다. 둘째, 衣服行動에 관한 意識과 自我槪念과 關係가 있을 것이다. 세째, 衣服行動에 관한 意識과 家庭環境과 關係가 있을 것이다. 附加的 관심으로 問題女高生의 衣服着用 實態를 調査한다. 測定道具로 자아개념 검사는 정 원식이 제작한 自我槪念 검사지를 使用하였다. 衣服行動 意識은 審美性, 貞淑性, 興味性, 注意集中性, 管理性, 依存性, 認定性, 流行, 便易性 등 9個 變因을 Creekmore( 1971 ) 및 국내 선행연구의 문항 中에서 예비조사를 통해 適合하다고 判定된 90個 문항으로 測定하였다. 家庭環境 變因은 家庭의 社會·經濟的 地位, 父母와의 동거여부 등을 測定하였으며, 社會·經濟的 地位 測定은 家長의 직업, 敎育水準, 月收入, 文化施設 所有 정도 등을 測定하고, 이를 평정하여 上·中·下 세집단으로 分類하였다. 衣服着用 實態는 국내 선행연구의 문항을 기초로 두발의 형태, 上·下衣의 종류 및 스타일,신체의 密着程度, 색상등의 10문항을 예비조사를 실시한 후 수정·보안하여 調査하였다. 표집대상은 忠南道內 人文系 女子高等學校 中 地域性을 考慮하여 市內에서 5個校, 市外에서 9個校를 選定하고, 選定된 學校의 問題學生을 對象으로 調査하였다. 질문지를 통한 70부의 資料를 통계처리하였다. 資料分析은 빈도, 백분율, 평균, 표준편차, Pearson의 적률상관계수의 산출 및 t-검정을 실시하였다. 資料分析 結果를 토대로 내린 結論은 다음과 같다. 1. 問題女高生 集團의 自我槪念은 일반여고생 集團보다 비교적 낮게 나타났다. 2. 衣服行動에 관한 意識의 상호관계에서, 審美性은 與味性, 注意集中性, 管理性, 依存性, 流行과 P<.001水準에서 正的 相關을 보였으며, 貞淑性은 便易性과, 興味性은 注意集中性, 依存性, 流行과, 注意集中性은 依存性 및 流行과, 管理性은 認定性과, 依存性은 流行과 P<.001水準에서 正的 相關을 보였다. 그러나 貞淑性은 注意集中性 및 流行과, 便易性과 流行은 P<.01의 水準에서 負的 相關을 보였다. 3. 衣服行動에 관한 意識과 自我槪念의 關係에서, 총자아긍정은 審美性, 管理性, 貞液性과 P<.001 水準에서 正的인 相關을 보였다. 內的自我 준거체제인 自我同一性은 審義性, 管理性과, 自我受容은 審美性과 P<.001수준에서 正的 相關을 보였으며, 自我行動은 審美性, 貞淑性, 管理性과 P<.01 水準에서 正的 相關을 보였다. 外的自我 준거체제인 身體的 自我는 審美性 依存性과 道德的 自我는 貞淑性과, 性格的 自我와 家庭約 自我는 管理性과, 社會的 自我는 審美性과 P<.001 水準에서 正的 相關을 보였다. 4. 衣服行動에 관한 意識과 가정환경과의 關係에서, 社會·經濟的 地位는 認定性과 P<.01 水準에서 負的 相關을 보였다. 5. 問題女高生 集團은 上衣로 신체에 밀착되거나 여유가 많은 티셔츠를 대부분 着用하였으며, 下衣로는 肉體美를 나타내는 밀착된 바지와 여유가 많은 디스코형 바지를 착용하였다. 스커트는 타이트 스커트가 많고 길이는 일반여고생의 스커트 보다 비교적 짧았다. 두발의 형태는 파마·드라이를 한 형과 左右 길이가 다른형이 일반여고생 보다 많았다. 즉 문제여고생 집단은 최근의 유행을 추종하는 경향이 있다.
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