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家政科 學習評價 現況에 關한 調査硏究
- 家政科 學習評價 現況에 關한 調査硏究
- Other Titles
- (A) Study on the present state of home-economics study evaluation in liberal arts high schools in seoul
- Issue Date
- 교육대학원 가정과교육전공
- 가정과; 학습평가; 현황; 조사연구
- 이화여자대학교 교육대학원
- 木 硏究의 目的은 家政科 學習評價의 現況과 그 間題點을 調査硏究함으로써, 보다 바람직한 學習評價가 이루어지기를 期待하는 同時에 앞으로 家政科의 評價改善에 示唆를 얻으려 한 것이다. 家政科 學習評價 現況에 관한 調査道具는 評價에 관한 先行 硏究論支 및 參考書籍 등을 토대로 問項作成을 하여 豫備調査를 거친 후, 修正 補完된 間項을 4개 領城으로 分類하여 質問紙를作成하여 使用하였다.
調査對象으로는 서울시내 64개 人文系 高等學校에 在職하고 있는 家政科 敎師 150名을 選定하였고 資料分析은 SPSS(Statistical Package for Social Science)를 利用하여 敎師의 年齡別, 敎職經歷別, 學歷別, 勤務處別로 각 問項의 反應과 交又分析하여 百分率로 처리하였으며 必要한 境遇에는 x^(2) 分析法에 依해 有意度가 檢證되었다.
本 硏究의 資料分析 結果는 다음과 같다.
1. 한 학기 동안의 學習評價는 實技評價와 筆答考査를 綜合하여 評價한다가 가장 높았으며 (63.3%), 筆答考査 만으로 平價하는 學校도 10개 學校로 나타났다.
2. 二元目的 分類表는 편의상 評價間項을 먼저 만들고 나중에 作成한다가 가장 높았으나(68.7%), 師範大 出身 敎師(l9.7%)가 一般大 出身 敎師(11.4%)보다 二元目的 分類表를 먼저 作成하는 면에서는 다소 높은편 이었다.
3. 評價問項을 만들때에는 學習目標의 到達度에 重點을 두는 것이 基本的민 原則이나, 敎科書의 內容에 重點을 둔다(43.3%)가 가장 높았고, 다음이 學習目標의 到達度에 重點을 둔다(40.7%) 였으며 公立學校의 敎師(60.6%)가 私立學校의 敎師(31.0%)보다 높게 나타났으며 有意度가 認定되었다.
4. 衣生活 單元에서 實技評價에 많이 利用되는 內容은 男子韓服바지 만들기 였다.(37.3%) 그 理由는 學力考査에 出題되는傾向이 높기 때문인 것으로 나타났다.(66.1%).
實技 評價는 授業時間 中의 評價와 作品을 수합하여 綜合評價하는 경우가 가장 높게 나타났다.(54.0%)
5. 實技評價는 5段階 評價方法을 利用하여 準備, 過程, 結果에 比重을 두고 評價하고 있으며, 30세미만의 敎師와 敎職經歷 5년미만의 敎師가 높게 나타났다.
6. 시험이 끝난후 問項分析을 해보는 것이 바람직한 자세이나, 時間이 不足하여 하지 못한다가 가장 높았으며(43.3%) 年齡, 敎職經歷과는 별 차이가 없었으나 學歷과 勳務處間에는 有意度가 認定되었다.
7. 家政科의 實技評價는 꼭 必要하나 現 單位(8~10單位)로는 不足하여 하지 못한다(56.7%)가 가장 높게 나타났다.
實技評價가 어려운 理由는 信賴性있는 客觀的인 評價方法의 모델이 없기 때문이다(57.3%)가 가장 높게 나타났으며 年齡과 勤務處間에는 有意度가 認定되었다.
8. 現行 學習評價 方法은 改善되어야 한다(87.3%)가 높게 나타났으며, 學習評價에 대한 敎師의 再敎育은 調査對象 全員이 必要하다고 하였다.;This study aims at improving more desirable evaluation method as well as attaining a suggestion in the method of home-economics study evaluation, which can be done by investigatiog the present state of evaluation and the problems of hone-economics.
The examining instrument used for that purpose was based on the following: In the first place, the items were framed on the basis of the preceding research papers and reference books. In the second place, the items, which had been amended and supplemented through preliminary ivestigation, were classified into four fields. Lastly, the questionnaires were made out and used then.
One hundred and fifty teachers were chosen, who were working for the liberal arts high schools in Seoul. The data analysis was performed by means of SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science), in which the investigator analyzed theacher' ages, careeres, shcool careers, and places of employment together with the responses to the items. It was settled by means of percentage and the significance level was verified by means of Chi-square analysis method, when necessary.
The results obtained from the data analysts are as follows :
1. During one semester they put written test and talent test together in evaluating home-economics study (63.3%) but they evaluated with only written test in ten schools.
2. For convenience' sake, the dual-purpose classification table was mostly framed after making items for evaluation (68.7%), but the teachers' college graduates (19.7%) slightly outstripped those of non-teachers' college (11.4%) in drawing up dual-purpose classification table before making items.
3. In making items, indeed it is a basic principle to lay emphasis on the accomplishment state of the study aims, but the highest ranking item was that which put emphasis on the contents of the textbook (43.3%). The next highest ranking item was that which laid stress on the degree of accomplishment of study aims (40.7%), and public school teachers (60.0%) surpassed private school teachers (31.0%). The significance level was verified, of coures.
4. In the unit of colting life, talent test was taken mostly in the field of making Korean traditional costume for men, especially men's trousers (37.3%). It was mainly because they set questions for examinations in the preliminary test for entering universities (66.1%). Teachers put the result of the test during the lesson and the works of the students together to give them grades(54.0%).
5. In talent test, teachers put stress on the preparation, the process, and the result by using five-gradation evaluation method, which was chiefly done by the teachers under thirty and whose teaching careers were less than five years.
6. It is desirable for the teachers to analyze items after the examination, but in reality, teachers can't perform It for want of time (43.3%). There was no difference between age and teaching carrer, however, the significance level was verified between school career and place of employment.
7. Talent test in the field of home-economics is abosolutely necessary, but teachers are unale to do it for want of time under the present unit (56.7%)---- (8 - 10 units). And the reason why talent test is difficult to perform is that we don't have any reliable and objective model in evaluation method (57.3%). The significance level was verified between ages and places of employment.
8. This study firmly shows that the present evaluation method should be improved (87.3%) and all the teachers thought it necessary to give them in-service training for the skill of evaluation.
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