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女大生의 社會的 不安感과 衣服行動과의 關係

Title
女大生의 社會的 不安感과 衣服行動과의 關係
Other Titles
(A) Study on the Relationship Between Social Security-Insecurity and Clothing Behaviors for a Group of Students in Womens University
Authors
李蘭淑
Issue Date
1985
Department/Major
교육대학원 가정과교육전공
Keywords
여대생사회적 불안감의복행동
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究의 目的은 女大生의 衣服行動을 社會心理學的 觀點에서 考察함으로써 衣服을 통해 그들의 心理狀態를 把握하고, 그들의 주된 衣服行動을 比較 分析함으로써 衣服行動에 관한 基礎資料를 提供함과 아울러 그들의 問題點을 把握하여 바람직한 衣生活의 方向을 提示하고자 한다. 硏究의 具體的 目的은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 衣服滿足度, 審美性, 社曾的 認定性, 心理的 依存性의 4가지 依服行動 變因들간의 關係를 把握한다. 둘째, 衣服行動 變因과 社會的 不安感과의 關係를 把握한다. 세째, 環境 變因(專攻, 學年, 父의 敎育水準, 父의 所得水準)과 衣服行動 變因과의 關係를 比較分析한다. 네째, 附加的인 關心으로 衣服習慣의 實態를 把握하고, 環境 變因에 따른 衣服習慣의 差異를 比較分析 한다. 測定道具로 社會的 不安感 調査는 Lapitsky(1961)가 作成한 것을 使用하였고 衣服行動 調査와 衣服習慣 調査는 Creekmore(1971)의 問項 및 國內 先行硏究에서 使用된 問項을 修正 補完하여 使用 하였다. 標集對象은 梨花女子大學校 學生 總 17,178名의 2.3%인 450名을 選定하였다. 質問紙를 통한 面接調査를 實施하여 400부의 資料를 統計處理에 使用 하였다. 資料分析은 頻度, 平均 標準偏差, Pearson의 積率相關係數, 一元分散分析, χ^(2)-檢證을 實施하였다. 資料分析 結果를 土臺로 내린 結論은 다음과 같다. 1. 女大生들은 全般的으로 衣服滿足度가 높으며, 衣服의 選擇 着用時에 心理的 依存性, 審美性, 社會的 認定性의 順으로 重要視 한다. 2. 衣服行動 變因 相互間에는 有意한 相關關係가 있다. 즉 審美性과 心理的 依存性을 重要視할수록 衣服滿足度가 높으며, 審美性을 重要時할수록 心理的 依存性도 重要視 한다. 또한 社會的 認定性을 重要視할수록 審美性은 높아지나 衣服滿足度는 낮아지며, 心理的 依存性을 重要視할수록 社會的 認定性도 重要視한다. 3. 社會的 不安感과 衣服行動 變因間에는 有意한 相關關係가 있다. 즉, 社會的 不安感이 낮을수록 衣服滿足度는 높으며, 審美性과 心理的 依存性을 重要視한다. 또한 社會的 不安感이 높을수록 社會的 認定性을 重要視한다. 4. 衣服滿足度는 環境 變因 中 專攻, 父의 敎育水準, 父의 所得水準에 따라서 有意한 關係가 있다. 즉, 父의 敎育水準과 父의 所得水準이 높을수록 衣服滿足度가 높으며, 藝·體能系列에서 가장 높고 應用科學系列에서 가장 낮다. 5. 審美性은 專攻, 父의 敎育水準, 父의 所得水準에 따라서 有意한 關係가 있다. 즉, 父의 敎育水準과 父의 所得水準이 높을수록 審美性을 重要視하며, 藝·體能系列과 人文科學系列에서 높고, 應用科學系列에서 가장 낮다. 6. 社會的 認定性은 父의 敎育水準, 父의 所得水準에 따라서 有意한 關係가 있다. 즉 父의 敎育水準과 父의 所得水準이 높을수록 社會的 認定性을 重要視한다. 7. 心理的 依存性은 專攻, 父의 敎育水準, 父의 所得水準에 따라서 有意한 關係가 있다. 즉 父의 敎育水準과 父의 所得水準이 높을수록 心理的 依存性을 重要視하며, 藝·體能系列과 人文科學系列에서 높고 應用科學系列에서 가장 낮다. 8. 社會的 不安感은 專攻에 따라서 有意한 關係가 있다. 즉, 應用科學系列에서 社會的 不安感이 높으며, 藝·體能系列에서 가장낮다.;This research deals with women’s psychological states in their clothings by considering the wome's clothing behaviors from the social psychological point of view, offers some basic data about it by analyzing their major clothing behaviors, and provides a suitable direction of clothing behaviors by studying their problems. Major object of this research is as follows. First object is understanding the variable relations among clothing satisfaction, aesthetics, social approval and psychological dependence, and the relations between the variable clothing behaviors and the social anxieties. The second is analyzing the difference of the variable clothing behavior in accordance with environmental variables (major subject, grade, father's educational degree and incomings). The third is understanding the relations between clothing habit and environmental variables in the view if additional regards. Lapitsky's (1961) method was used in researching the social anxiety, and Creekmore's (1971) paper and document which is already published in our country are used because it was modified to be admitted in confidence and comprehension. These data was collected from 2,3 percent of Ewha Womens University the total number of students is 17,178. Interview test was carried out from asking paper and was used about four hundred data for statistical analysis. Frequency, average, standard variation, one-way analysis of varriance, Pearson's correlation coefficients and x^(2)-Test were used in analyzing those data. The conclusions based upon those data analysis are as follows. 1. University women has mostly high clothing satisfaction and think aesthetics and psychological dependence more important than social approval in their clothing choice and wearing. 2. There are similar relationship in variables of clothing behaviors. That is, the more important the aesthetics and the psychological dependence the higher the clothing satisfaction, and the more aesthetics, the more psychological dependence. And when the social dependence becomes more important, the aesthetics is highly improved but the clothing satisfaction becomes lower. Therefore the more important the psychological dependence, the more important the social approval. 3. There are similar relationship between social anxieties and the variables of clothing behaviors. That is to say, when the social anxieties are low, the clothing satisfaction is high and aesthetics and psychological dependence become important. The higher the social anxieties, the more important the social approval. 4. Clothing satisfaction has a similar relationship between major subject, father's educational degree and incomings in the environmental variables and when his degree and incomings become higher, clothing satisfaction is increased and it is the highest in artistic and physical culture parts but the lowest in applied science parts. 5. Aesthetics has a similar relationship in accordance with the major subject, father's educational degree and his incomings. It is very high in the parts of artistic, physical culture and civic science and low in applied science parts. The higher the father's educational degree and his incomings, the higher the aesthetics becomes. 6. Social approval has a similar relationship in accordance with the father's educational degree and his incomings. Social approval is considered importantly in accordance with them. 7. Psychological dependence has a similar relationship in accordance with the major subject, father's educational degree and his incomings. This is highly appreciated in the parts of artistic, physical culture and civic science and is the lowest in applied science parts. The higher the father's educational degree and his incomings, the more important the psychological dependence is regaled. 8. Social anxieties have a similar relationship in accordance with the major subject. This is the highest in applied science parts and the Lowest in artistic and physical culture parts.
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