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頭腦의 交叉作用에 의한 幼兒의 表現 硏究

頭腦의 交叉作用에 의한 幼兒의 表現 硏究
Other Titles
Study of Expressions in Children by the Brain Functions-Interchanging Process
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교육대학원 미술교육전공
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
아동에 대한 연구는 인간을 이해하기 위한 과학적 노력으로서 상당히 중요한 분야를 이루고 있다. 아동의 지각표현기능은 아동의 성장발달에 따라 그 특징을 가지고 있으며 아동을 이해하기 위해서는 아동의 특성과 본질에 대해 보다 깊은 이해가 필요하다. 본 연구의 목적은 유아의 성장발달 과정중에 숫자와 문자의 표현에서 나타나는 두뇌의 좌우 교차현상을 조사하여 그 시각적인 특성을 규명하는데 있다. 이를 구체적으로 밝히기 위해 이론적 고찰에서 두뇌의 분화현상을 고찰하고, 실험 연구에서는 서울지역 유아원·유치원·미술학원의 5세, 6세, 7세아동 952명을 대상으로 조사했다. 숫자와 문자에 의한 두뇌의 교차현상을 조사하여 그 시각적인 특성을 연령별로 분석하였다. <표1> 원문참조 <표2> 원문참조 <표3> 원문참조 연구방법에 있어, 기본 도구는 16절(26.5 × 19.4㎝)백지와 아동이 쉽게 접할수 있는 재료를 사용하도록 하였다. 자료처리는 연령별인원수에 두뇌의 좌우 교차현상이 나타난 인원수를 비교하여 백분율로 하였다. 연령별로 숫자와 문자를 나누어서 나타남, 안 나타남, 불분명함의 세관점으로 나누어 교차된 시각적인 특성을 분석하였으며, 본 연구에서 얻어진 결과는 다음과 같다.;Study of children, as a new approach to understand a human being, forms a great part in scientific fields. Just as children can be reviewed from various aspects in their physical and mental development stages, also they can be conceived as beings having unique properties according to their changing stages. This study focuses on the reasons why the phenomenon is cause that functions of a brain are interchanged between left and right sides, to reveal a relationship of this with ages of developmental processes of children. And for the concrete revealing of this, I have identified a differentiated process of the brain as a part of theoretical research of this study, and as that of experimental research some traits which emerged in children's expressions of codes or numbers were examined. Indeed, their acts often drawing codes or symbols upside down and putting on their shoes with the wrong sides have relations to the manner that the brain operates. That is left-side and right-side optical ranges are perceived on the contrary being interchanged each other in the brain. They are, however, too natural and have no relation with any other things like the cognitive ability or poor intelligence of them. Every cells of children's brains are under the processes of development, and the contrary expressions are essentially emerged when they cannot possible recognize the contexts. If had already understood characters or the turns of figures, they could generalize and collect fundamental expressions into those rearranged. These functions-interchanging process in brain is shown normally as a temporarily passing phenomenon which is appeared at the age of 5 or 6 and gradually disappeared after the age of 7. This research, therefore, has collectively taken 952 data from 1213 persons of participant children at kindergartens and nursery schools in Seoul for 14 monthes March 1987 to April 1988. Children were guided to write characters and numbers, and the outcomes from them have been analyzed. In 12.9% among the total 256 children at the age of five, in 11% among 264 at seven, the forementioned phenomenon was appeared. To sum up, the brain function-interchanging process in children, as a property of their undifferentiated sensorymotors, has a close relation with their developments of cognition. And this was revealed as a passing phenomenon being gradually disappeared in parallel with growth and development of cognitive functions. Therefore, by this study, some approaches to understand children at the aspect of their developmental stages will be served and at the same time, it is revealed that the undifferentiated sensorymotors are to be considered as those quite independent on cognitive capability of a child.
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