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運動選手와 非運動選手와의 身體活動態度에 對한 比較硏究

Title
運動選手와 非運動選手와의 身體活動態度에 對한 比較硏究
Other Titles
(A) Comparative Study on the Attitude Toward Physical Activity Between The Athletic and the Non-athletics Students in Middle Schools
Authors
金昶淑
Issue Date
1989
Department/Major
교육대학원 체육교육전공
Keywords
운동선수비운동선수신체활동태도체육교육
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to find out the attitude toward physical activity between the athletic and the non-athletic students in middle schools. Four hundred students in middle schools were participated in this study and half of them are athletes and the others, non-athletes. The researcher classfied athletes by team sport, dual sport, and individual sport and non-athletes by grade and sex. G.S. Kenyon's "Attitude Toward Physical Activity Inventory" was used as a research instrument and T-test and ANOVA were used for managing data in each group. The results are as follows; 1. Athletes showed more Positive response than non-athletes in 6-attitude factors. There's meaningful difference between male athletes and non-athletes in aesthetic, ascetic, and health factors, and between female athletes and non-athletes in vertigo factor. 2 Both of athletes and non-athletes showed the most positive response in health and social factors in the physical activities. 3. As for sex, there is meaningful difference between male athletes and female non-athletes in health, catharsis, and ascetic factors, between male non-athletes and female non-athletes in aesthetic factor and between male athletes and female athletes in catharsis factor. As for male athletes, there's no difference between attitude toward physical activity and each event, but as for female athletes there's meaningful difference in health and ascetic factors. As for each event, athletes showed the most positive response in social factor of team sport and in health factor of individual sport. There's meaningful difference in social factor between attitude toward physical activity and career among male athletes and in ascetic factor among female athletes. An for career, there's meaningful difference in that over-five-year-experienced athletes showed the most positive response in social factor.;本 硏究는 中學生을 對象으로 運動選手와 非運動選手로 구분하여 身體活動에 對한 態度를 硏明하는 데 그 目的이 있다. 硏究對象은 中學生 400名으로 運動選手 200名, 非運動選手 200名이다. 運動選手의 경우는 團體運動, 對人運動, 個人運動으로 구분하였고 非運動選手의 경우는 各 學年別 男女 같은 비율로 調査하였다. 檢査 道具는 G.S Kenyon의 "身體活動態度檢査 質問紙"로 利用하였으며, 資料處理는 各 集團別로 T-test와 변량분석을 적용하였다. 그 結果, 1. 運動選手가 非運動選手보다 身體活動에 對하여 6個 態度要因別로 더 肯定的인 반응을 보였다. 男子 運動選手는 非運動選手와 심미, 고행, 건강요인에서, 女子 運動選手는 非運動選手와 모험요인에서 有意한 差가 나타났다. 2. 運動·非運動選手 모두 身體活動에 對하여 건강, 사교요인에 가장 긍정적인 반응을 보였으며, 性別로는 男子 運動選手가 女子 非運動選手와 건강, 감정의 정화, 고행요인에서 유의한 차가 나타났고, 심미요인에서는 男子 非運動選手와 女子 非運動選手間에, 감정의 정화요인에서는 男자 運動選手와 女子 運動選手間에 유의한 차가 나타났다. 3. 運動選手인 경우 身體活動態度와 種目間에는 男子가 차이가 없었고, 女子는 건강과 고행요인에 유의한 차가 나타났다. 종목별로 신체활동태도를 비교한 결과개인종목은 건강요인에 대인종목은 고행요인에, 단체종목은 사교요인에 가장 긍정적인 반응을 보여 유의 한 차가 나타났다. 運動選手인 경우 身體活動態度와 經歷間에는 男子가 사교요인에 女子가 고행요인에 유의 한 차가 나타났다. 경력별로 신체활동태도를 비교한 결과 경력 5년이상인 경우가 사교요인에서 가장 긍정적인 반응을 보여, 유의한 차가 나타났다.
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