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Technological innovation, the kyoto protocol, and open innovation

Title
Technological innovation, the kyoto protocol, and open innovation
Authors
Kim Y.
Ewha Authors
김유미
SCOPUS Author ID
김유미scopus
Issue Date
2021
Journal Title
Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
ISSN
2199-8531JCR Link
Citation
Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity vol. 7, no. 3
Keywords
Climate change mitigation technologyEffectiveness of international regimeGHG mitiga-tionInnovationSynergetic effect
Publisher
MDPI
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
This study investigates the role of technological innovation in increasing the effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation. Panel data showing the number of patents for climate change mitigation technology as a measure of innovation are obtained from 54 countries for the period 1990–2015 to verify whether technological innovation is effective in reducing GHG emissions and whether it has a significant synergetic relationship with the Kyoto Protocol. The historical trends in the number of patents for climate change mitigation technology reveal a relationship between the Kyoto Protocol and technological innovation and show differences between specific types of mitigation technology. Based on these innovation data, this study conducts two-stage least squares analysis that considers the time-lag effect. The empirical results confirm that mitigation innovations for buildings and the production or processing of goods have a strong positive association with GHG emission reduction. The findings also support the long-term synergetic effect between innovation and participation in the Kyoto Protocol in terms of GHG mitigation. This study contributes to international climate change governance by providing empirical evidence for technological innovation’s role in strengthening the effectiveness of international regimes and implications for promoting open innovation. © 2021 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
DOI
10.3390/joitmc7030198
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사회과학대학 > 행정학전공 > Journal papers
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