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A buckling instability prediction model for the reliable design of sheet metal panels based on an artificial intelligent self-learning algorithm

A buckling instability prediction model for the reliable design of sheet metal panels based on an artificial intelligent self-learning algorithm
Lee S.Quagliato L.Park D.Berti G.A.Kim N.
Ewha Authors
Luca Quagliato
Issue Date
Journal Title
2075-4701JCR Link
Metals vol. 11, no. 10
Artificial intelligenceBuckling instabilityConvolution neural networkOil canningSheet metal
Document Type
Sheets’ buckling instability, also known as oil canning, is an issue that characterizes the resistance to denting in thin metal panels. The oil canning phenomenon is characterized by a depression in the metal sheet, caused by a local buckling, which is a critical design issue for aesthetic parts, such as automotive outer panels. Predicting the buckling instability during the design stage is not straightforward since the shape of the component might change several times before the part is sent to production and can actually be tested. To overcome this issue, this research presents a robust prediction model based on the convolutional neural network (CNN) to estimate the buckling instability of automotive sheet metal panels, based on the major, minor, and Gaussian surface curvatures. The training dataset for the CNN model was generated by implementing finite element analysis (FEA) of the outer panels of various commercial vehicles, for a total of twenty panels, and by considering different indentation locations on each panel. From the implemented simulation models the load-stroke curves were exported and utilized to determine the presence, or absence, of buckling instability and to determine its magnitude. Moreover, from the computer aided design (CAD) files of the relevant panels, the three considered curvatures on the tested indentation points were acquired as well. All the positions considered in the FEA analyses were backed up by industrial experiments on the relevant panels in their assembled position, allowing to validate their reliability. The combined correlation of curvatures and load-displacement curves allowed correlating the geometrical features that create the conditions for buckling instability to arise and was utilized to train the CNN algorithm, defined considering 13 convolution layers and 5 pooling layers. The trained CNN model was applied to another automotive frame, not used in the training process, and the prediction results were compared with experimental indentation tests. The overall accuracy of the CNN model was calculated to be 90.1%, representing the reliability of the proposed algorithm of predicting the severity of the buckling instability for automotive sheet metal panels. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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