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Is the male disadvantage real? Cross-national variations in sex gaps in COVID-19 incidence and mortality

Title
Is the male disadvantage real? Cross-national variations in sex gaps in COVID-19 incidence and mortality
Authors
Kim, HeeunFox, Ashley M.Kim, YounheeKim, RyungBae, GreenKang, Minah
Ewha Authors
강민아배그린
SCOPUS Author ID
강민아scopus
Issue Date
2021
Journal Title
GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
1744-1692JCR Link

1744-1706JCR Link
Citation
GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 1793 - 1803
Keywords
COVID-19sex gapgender inequalitiesmale disadvantagesincidencemortality
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR &

FRANCIS LTD
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Although the excess male mortality from COVID-19 is well-known, the variations in sex gaps in incidence and mortality across countries and the sources of such variations are not well understood. This study explored the patterns and the sources of variation in the sex gap in COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates across 100 countries where sex-disaggregated cases and deaths were available as of September 2020. Our results show that there is generally a male disadvantage in both incidence and mortality; however, COVID-19 incidence exhibited a lower male disadvantage (1.2 times higher risk for males) than COVID-19 mortality (1.5 times higher risk for males). The extent of male disadvantages in COVID-19 outcomes across countries varied by societal gender inequalities and behavioural factors. Greater gender equality, both socially and behaviourally, was associated with more equal COVID-19 incidence and mortality between men and women. The findings imply that male disadvantages in COVID-19 outcomes, particularly incidence, are socially determined, whereas further investigation is needed to understand behavioural and biological elements yielding a male disadvantage in mortality.
DOI
10.1080/17441692.2021.1981972
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 행정학전공 > Journal papers
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