View : 246 Download: 0

Quick Incidental Learning of Words by Children with and without Specific Language Impairment: An Eye-tracking Study

Title
Quick Incidental Learning of Words by Children with and without Specific Language Impairment: An Eye-tracking Study
Authors
Chung H.Yim D.
Ewha Authors
임동선
SCOPUS Author ID
임동선scopus
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
Communication Sciences and Disorders
ISSN
2288-1328JCR Link
Citation
Communication Sciences and Disorders vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 499 - 516
Keywords
Eye-trackingQuick incidental learningSpecific language impairment
Publisher
Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Objectives: This study's goal is to use eye-tracking technology to learn more about children's online novel word-learning processing abilities in a quick incidental learning (QUIL) task to examine how children with and without Specific Language Impairment (SLI) exhibit different patterns when learning new words and how these differences in looking behaviors lead to different learning results. Methods: Twenty typically developing (TD) children (age: M=5.15 years) and 10 children with SLI (age: M=5.11 years) participated in the study. Children completed a QUIL task while their eye movements were recorded using an eye-tracking device. The fixation count number and the average fixation time on target word AOIs (Areas of Interest) were analyzed and heat map analysis was also conducted. Results: The analysis of eye-tracking measures revealed different patterns between groups. The TD group's fixation duration on AOIs gradually increased from first to last exposure, whereas the SLI group showed decreased fixation duration over time. Heat map analysis showed that the SLI group fixated less on target AOIs and their gazes were widely scattered compared to the gazes of the TD group. A positive correlation was observed between the fixation time and learning. Conclusion: For TD, words and their referents were correctly inferred and the association between words and referents was strengthened over time. Children with SLI had difficulty associating novel labels with novel objects, as indexed by less time spent looking at AOIs. This study provides insights into the QUIL of words by children with and without SLI in a natural context. © 2020
DOI
10.12963/CSD.20715
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 언어병리학과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

BROWSE