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GW190412: Observation of a binary-black-hole coalescence with asymmetric masses

Title
GW190412: Observation of a binary-black-hole coalescence with asymmetric masses
Authors
Abbott, R.Abbott, T. D.Abraham, S.Acernese, F.Ackley, K.Adams, C.Adhikari, R. X.Adya, V. B.Affeldt, C.Agathos, M.Agatsuma, K.Aggarwal, N.Aguiar, O. D.Aich, A.Aiello, L.Ain, A.Ajith, P.Akcay, S.Allen, G.Allocca, A.Altin, P. A.Amato, A.Anand, S.Ananyeva, A.Anderson, S. B.Anderson, W. G.Angelova, S., VAnsoldi, S.Antier, S.Appert, S.Arai, K.Araya, M. C.Areeda, J. S.Arene, M.Arnaud, N.Aronson, S. M.Arun, K. G.Asali, Y.Ascenzi, S.Ashton, G.Aston, S. M.Astone, P.Aubin, F.Aufmuth, P.AultONeal, K.Austin, C.Avendano, VBabak, S.Bacon, P.Badaracco, F.Bader, M. K. M.Bae, S.Baird, J.Baldaccini, F.Ballardin, G.Ballmer, S. W.Bals, A.Balsamo, A.Baltus, G.Banagiri, S.Bankar, D.Bankar, R. S.Barayoga, J. C.Barbieri, C.Barish, B. C.Barker, D.Barkett, K.Barneo, P.Barone, F.Barr, B.Barsotti, L.Barsuglia, M.Barta, D.Bartlett, J.Bartos, IBassiri, R.Basti, A.Bawaj, M.Bayley, J. C.Bazzan, M.Becsy, B.Bejger, M.Belahcene, IBell, A. S.Beniwal, D.Benjamin, M. G.Benkel, R.Bentley, J. D.Bergamin, F.Berger, B. K.Bergmann, G.Bernuzzi, S.Berry, C. P. L.Bersanetti, D.Bertolini, A.Betzwieser, J.Bhandare, R.Bhandari, A., VBidler, J.Biggs, E.Bilenko, I. A.Billingsley, G.Birney, R.Birnholtz, O.Biscans, S.Bischi, M.Biscoveanu, S.Bisht, A.Bissenbayeva, G.Bitossi, M.Bizouard, M. A.Blackburn, J. K.Blackman, J.Blair, C. D.Blair, D. G.Blair, R. M.Bobba, F.Bode, N.Boer, M.Boetzel, Y.Bogaert, G.Bondu, F.Bonilla, E.Bonnand, R.Booker, P.Boom, B. A.Bork, R.Boschi, VBose, S.Bossilkov, VBosveld, J.Bouffanais, Y.Bozzi, A.Bradaschia, C.Brady, P. R.Bramley, A.Branchesi, M.Brau, J. E.Breschi, M.Briant, T.Briggs, J. H.Brighenti, F.Brillet, A.Brinkmann, M.Brito, R.Brockill, P.Brooks, A. F.Brooks, J.Brown, D. D.Brunett, S.Bruno, G.Bruntz, R.Buikema, A.Bulik, T.Bulten, H. J.Buonanno, A.Buskulic, D.Byer, R. L.Cabero, M.Cadonati, L.Cagnoli, G.Cahillane, C.Bustillo, J. CalderonCallaghan, J. D.Callister, T. A.Calloni, E.Camp, J. B.Canepa, M.Cannon, K. C.Cao, H.Cao, J.Carapella, G.Carbognani, F.Caride, S.Carney, M. F.Carullo, G.Diaz, J. CasanuevaCasentini, C.Castaneda, J.Caudill, S.Cavaglia, M.Cavalier, F.Cavalieri, R.Cella, G.Cerda-Duran, P.Cesarini, E.Chaibi, O.Chakravarti, K.Chan, C.Chan, M.Chao, S.Charlton, P.Chase, E. A.Chassande-Mottin, E.Chatterjee, D.Chaturvedi, M.Chatziioannou, K.Chen, H. Y.Chen, X.Chen, Y.Cheng, H-PCheong, C. K.Chia, H. Y.Chiadini, F.Chierici, R.Chincarini, A.Chiummo, A.Cho, G.Cho, H. S.Cho, M.Christensen, N.Chu, Q.Chua, S.Chung, K. W.Chung, S.Ciani, G.Ciecielag, P.Cieslar, M.Ciobanu, A. A.Ciolfi, R.Cipriano, F.Cirone, A.Clara, F.Clark, J. A.Clearwater, P.Clesse, S.Cleva, F.Coccia, E.Cohadon, P-FCohen, D.Colleoni, M.Collette, C. G.Collins, C.Colpi, M.Constancio, M., Jr.Conti, L.Cooper, S. J.Corban, P.Corbitt, T. R.Cordero-Carrion, ICorezzi, S.Corley, K. R.Cornish, N.Corre, D.Corsi, A.Cortese, S.Costa, C. A.Cotesta, R.Coughlin, M. W.Coughlin, S. B.Coulon, J-PCountryman, S. T.Couvares, P.Covas, P. B.Coward, D. M.Cowart, M. J.Coyne, D. C.Coyne, R.Creighton, J. D. E.Creighton, T. D.Cripe, J.Croquette, M.Crowder, S. G.Cudell, J-RCullen, T. J.Cumming, A.Cummings, R.Cunningham, L.Cuoco, E.Curylo, M.Dal Canton, T.Dalya, G.Dana, A.Daneshgaran-Bajastani, L. M.D'Angelo, B.Danilishin, S. L.D'Antonio, S.Danzmann, K.Darsow-Fromm, C.Dasgupta, A.Datrier, L. E. H.Dattilo, VDave, IDavier, M.Davies, G. S.Davis, D.Daw, E. J.DeBra, D.Deenadayalan, M.Degallaix, J.De Laurentis, M.Deleglise, S.Delfavero, M.De Lillo, N.Del Pozzo, W.DeMarchi, L. M.D'Emilio, VDemos, N.Dent, T.De Pietri, R.De Rosa, R.De Rossi, C.DeSalvo, R.de Varona, O.Dhurandhar, S.Diaz, M. C.Diaz-Ortiz, M., Jr.Dietrich, T.Di Fiore, L.Di Fronzo, C.Di Giorgio, C.Di Giovanni, F.Di Giovanni, M.Di Girolamo, T.Di Lieto, A.Ding, B.Di Pace, S.Di Palma, IDi Renzo, F.Divakarla, A. K.Dmitriev, A.Doctor, Z.Donovan, F.Dooley, K. L.Doravari, S.Dorrington, IDownes, T. P.Drago, M.Driggers, J. C.Du, Z.Ducoin, J-GDupej, P.Durante, O.D'Urso, D.Dwyer, S. E.Easter, P. J.Eddolls, G.Edelman, B.Edo, T. B.Edy, O.Effler, A.Ehrens, P.Eichholz, J.Eikenberry, S. S.Eisenmann, M.Eisenstein, R. A.Ejlli, A.Errico, L.Essick, R. C.Estelles, H.Estevez, D.Etienne, Z. B.Etzel, T.Evans, M.Evans, T. M.Ewing, B. E.Fafone, VFairhurst, S.Fan, X.Farinon, S.Farr, B.Farr, W. M.Fauchon-Jones, E. J.Favata, M.Fays, M.Fazio, M.Feicht, J.Fejer, M. M.Feng, F.Fenyvesi, E.Ferguson, D. L.Fernandez-Galiana, A.Ferrante, IFerreira, E. C.Ferreira, T. A.Fidecaro, F.Fiori, IFiorucci, D.Fishbach, M.Fisher, R. P.Fittipaldi, R.Fitz-Axen, M.Fiumara, VFlaminio, R.Floden, E.Flynn, E.Fong, H.Font, J. A.Forsyth, P. W. F.Fournier, J-DFrasca, S.Frasconi, F.Frei, Z.Freise, A.Frey, R.Frey, VFritschel, P.Frolov, V. V.Fronze, G.Fulda, P.Fyffe, M.Gabbard, H. A.Gadre, B. U.Gaebel, S. M.Gair, J. R.Galaudage, S.Ganapathy, D.Ganguly, A.Gaonkar, S. G.Garcia-Quiros, C.Garufi, F.Gateley, B.Gaudio, S.Gayathri, VGemme, G.Genin, E.Gennai, A.George, D.George, J.Gergely, L.Ghonge, S.Ghosh, AbhirupGhosh, ArchismanGhosh, S.Giacomazzo, B.Giaime, J. A.Giardina, K. D.Gibson, D. R.Gier, C.Gill, K.Glanzer, J.Gniesmer, J.Godwin, P.Goetz, E.Goetz, R.Gohlke, N.Goncharov, B.Gonzalez, G.Gopakumar, A.Gossan, S. E.Gosselin, M.Gouaty, R.Grace, B.Grado, A.Granata, M.Grant, A.Gras, S.Grassia, P.Gray, C.Gray, R.Greco, G.Green, A. C.Green, R.Gretarsson, E. M.Griggs, H. L.Grignani, G.Grimaldi, A.Grimm, S. J.Grote, H.Grunewald, S.Gruning, P.Guidi, G. M.Guimaraes, A. R.Guixe, G.Gulati, H. K.Guo, Y.Gupta, A.Gupta, AnchalGupta, P.Gustafson, E. K.Gustafson, R.Haegel, L.Halim, O.Hall, E. D.Hamilton, E. Z.Hammond, G.Haney, M.Hanke, M. M.Hanks, J.Hanna, C.Hannam, M. D.Hannuksela, O. A.Hansen, T. J.Hanson, J.Harder, T.Hardwick, T.Haris, K.Harms, J.Harry, G. M.Harry, I. W.Hasskew, R. K.Haster, C-JHaughian, K.Hayes, F. J.Healy, J.Heidmann, A.Heintze, M. C.Heinze, J.Heitmann, H.Hellman, F.Hello, P.Hemming, G.Hendry, M.Heng, I. S.Hennes, E.Hennig, J.Heurs, M.Hild, S.Hinderer, T.Hoback, S. Y.Hochheim, S.Hofgard, E.Hofman, D.Holgado, A. M.Holland, N. A.Holt, K.Holz, D. E.Hopkins, P.Horst, C.Hough, J.Howell, E. J.Hoy, C. G.Huang, Y.Hubner, M. T.Huerta, E. A.Huet, D.Hughey, B.Hui, VHusa, S.Huttner, S. H.Huxford, R.Huynh-Dinh, T.Idzkowski, B.Iess, A.Inchauspe, H.Ingram, C.Intini, G.Isac, J-MIsi, M.Iyer, B. R.Jacqmin, T.Jadhav, S. J.Jadhav, S. P.James, A. L.Jani, K.Janthalur, N. N.Jaranowski, P.Jariwala, D.Jaume, R.Jenkins, A. C.Jiang, J.Johns, G. R.Johnson-McDaniel, N. K.Jones, A. W.Jones, D., IJones, J. D.Jones, P.Jones, R.Jonker, R. J. G.Ju, L.Junker, J.Kalaghatgi, C., VKalogera, VKamai, B.Kandhasamy, S.Kang, G.Kanner, J. B.Kapadia, S. J.Karki, S.Kashyap, R.Kasprzack, M.Kastaun, W.Katsanevas, S.Katsavounidis, E.Katzman, W.Kaufer, S.Kawabe, K.Kefelian, F.Keitel, D.Keivani, A.Kennedy, R.Key, J. S.Khadka, S.Khalili, F. Y.Khan, IKhan, S.Khan, Z. A.Khazanov, E. A.Khetan, N.Khursheed, M.Kijbunchoo, N.Kim, ChungleeKim, G. J.Kim, J. C.Kim, K.Kim, W.Kim, W. S.Kim, Y-MKimball, C.King, P. J.Kinley-Hanlon, M.Kirchhoff, R.Kissel, J. S.Kleybolte, L.Klimenko, S.Knowles, T. D.Knyazev, E.Koch, P.Koehlenbeck, S. M.Koekoek, G.Koley, S.Kondrashov, VKontos, A.Koper, N.Korobko, M.Korth, W. Z.Kovalam, M.Kozak, D. B.Kringel, VKrishnendu, N., VKrolak, A.Krupinski, N.Kuehn, G.Kumar, A.Kumar, P.Kumar, RahulKumar, RakeshKumar, S.Kuo, L.Kutynia, A.Lackey, B. D.Laghi, D.Lalande, E.Lam, T. L.Lamberts, A.Landry, M.Lane, B. B.Lang, R. N.Lange, J.Lantz, B.Lanza, R. K.La Rosa, ILartaux-Vollard, A.Lasky, P. D.Laxen, M.Lazzarini, A.Lazzaro, C.Leaci, P.Leavey, S.Lecoeuche, Y. K.Lee, C. H.Lee, H. M.Lee, H. W.Lee, J.Lee, K.Lehmann, J.Leroy, N.Letendre, N.Levin, Y.Li, A. K. Y.Li, J.Li, K.Li, T. G. F.Li, X.Linde, F.Linker, S. D.Linley, J. N.Littenberg, T. B.Liu, J.Liu, X.Llorens-Monteagudo, M.Lo, R. K. L.Lockwood, A.London, L. T.Longo, A.Lorenzini, M.Loriette, VLormand, M.Losurdo, G.Lough, J. D.Lousto, C. O.Lovelace, G.Luck, H.Lumaca, D.Lundgren, A. P.Ma, Y.Macas, R.Macfoy, S.MacInnis, M.Macleod, D. M.MacMillan, I. A. 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J.Vinet, J-YVitale, S.Vivanco, Francisco HernandezVo, T.Vocca, H.Vorvick, C.Vyatchanin, S. P.Wade, A. R.Wade, L. E.Wade, M.Walet, R.Walker, M.Wallace, G. S.Wallace, L.Walsh, S.Wang, J. Z.Wang, S.Wang, W. H.Ward, R. L.Warden, Z. A.Warner, J.Was, M.Watchi, J.Weaver, B.Wei, L-WWeinert, M.Weinstein, A. J.Weiss, R.Wellmann, F.Wen, L.Weels, P.Westhouse, J. W.Wette, K.Whelan, J. T.Whiting, B. F.Whittle, C.Wilken, D. M.Williams, D.Willis, J. L.Willke, B.Winkler, W.Wipf, C. C.Wittel, H.Woan, G.Woehler, J.Wofford, J. K.Wong, C.Wright, J. L.Wu, D. S.Wysocki, D. M.Xiao, L.Yamamoto, H.Yang, L.Yang, Y.Yang, Z.Yap, M. J.Yazback, M.Yeeles, D. W.Yu, HangYu, HaocunYuen, S. H. R.Zadrozny, A. K.Zadrozny, A.Zanolin, M.Zelenova, T.Zendri, J-PZevin, M.Zhang, J.Zhang, L.Zhang, T.Zhao, C.Zhao, G.Zhou, M.Zhou, Z.Zhu, X. J.Zimmerman, A. B.Zucker, M. E.Zweizig, J.LIGO Sci CollaborationVirgo Collaboration
Ewha Authors
김정리
SCOPUS Author ID
김정리scopus
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
PHYSICAL REVIEW D
ISSN
1550-7998JCR Link

1550-2368JCR Link
Citation
PHYSICAL REVIEW D vol. 102, no. 4
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
We report the observation of gravitational waves from a binary-black-hole coalescence during the first two weeks of LIGO's and Virgo's third observing run. The signal was recorded on April 12, 2019 at 05:30:44 UTC with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 19. The binary is different from observations during the first two observing runs most notably due to its asymmetric masses: a similar to 30 M-circle dot black hole merged with a similar to 8 M-circle dot black hole companion. The more massive black hole rotated with a dimensionless spin magnitude between 0.22 and 0.60 (90% probability). Asymmetric systems are predicted to emit gravitational waves with stronger contributions from higher multipoles, and indeed we find strong evidence for gravitational radiation beyond the leading quadrupolar order in the observed signal. A suite of tests performed on GW190412 indicates consistency with Einstein's general theory of relativity. While the mass ratio of this system differs from all previous detections, we show that it is consistent with the population model of stellar binary black holes inferred from the first two observing runs.
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DOI
10.1103/PhysRevD.102.043015
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자연과학대학 > 물리학전공 > Journal papers
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