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Effect of Psychological Distance on Intention in Self-Affirmation Theory
- Effect of Psychological Distance on Intention in Self-Affirmation Theory
- Shin, Myoungjin; Kim, Yeonjin; Park, Seungha
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS
- PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS vol. 123, no. 6, pp. 2101 - 2124
- Self-affirmation theory; construal level theory; psychological distance; physical activity intention; health threat message
- SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
- SSCI; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- In previous studies, self-affirmation has been shown to have no effect or have a negative impact on intention to change. We applied construal level theory to examine possible reasons for inconsistencies among findings in existing self-affirmation studies. In Study 1, when female college students in their 20s (N = 113) received health threat information with a psychologically proximal breast cancer message, it induced low-level construal and increased specific physical activity intention. In Study 2, when self-affirmed participants were exposed to health threat information with a psychologically distal Alzheimer's disease message, there was no increase in specific physical activity intention. These results suggest that when a discrepancy exists between the psychological distance of health threat information and the intention reflecting the construal level, no change of intention occurs, even in self-affirmed individuals.
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- 신산업융합대학 > 체육과학부 > Journal papers
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