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Exercise exerts an anxiolytic effect against repeated restraint stress through 5-HT2A-mediated suppression of the adenosine A(2A) receptor in the basolateral amygdala
- Exercise exerts an anxiolytic effect against repeated restraint stress through 5-HT2A-mediated suppression of the adenosine A(2A) receptor in the basolateral amygdala
- Leem, Yea-Hyun; Jang, Jee-Hun; Park, Jin-Sun; Kim, Hee-Sun
- Ewha Authors
- 김희선; 임예현
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 김희선; 임예현
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY vol. 108, pp. 182 - 189
- Repeated stress; Anxiety; Exercise 5-HT2A receptor; Adenosine A(2A) receptor; Basolateral amygdala
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
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- Repeated or chronic stressful stimuli induce emotion- and mood-related abnormalities, such as anxiety and depression. Conversely, regular exercise exerts protective effects. Here, we found that exercise recovered anxiety-like behaviors, as measured using the open field and elevated plus maze tests in an anxiety mouse model. In addition to behavioral improvement, exercise enhanced the synaptic density of the 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A receptor (5-HT2AR), but not the 5-HT1AR in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) region in this mouse model. Furthermore, global treatment with a selective 5-HT2AR antagonist (MDL11930) generated an anxiety phenotype. Thus, synaptic recruitment of 5-HT2AR in BLA neurons may mediate the anxiolytic effects of exercise. The exercise regimen also reduced adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R)-mediated protein kinase A (PKA) activation, and the anxiolytic effect of the exercise was blunted by local activation of A(2A)R within the BLA using CGS21680, a selective A(2A)R agonist. Particularly, A(2A)R-mediated PKA activity was shown to be dependent on 5-HT2AR signaling in the BLA. These results imply that repeated stress upregulates A(2A)R-mediated adenosine signaling to facilitate PKA activation, whereas regular exercise inhibits A(2A)R function by increasing 5-HT2AR in the BLA. Accordingly, this integrated modulation of 5-HT and adenosine signaling, via 5-HT2AR and A(2A)R respectively, may be a mechanism underlying the anxiolytic effect of regular exercise.
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