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Escherichia coli and total coliforms in water and sediments at lake marinas
- Escherichia coli and total coliforms in water and sediments at lake marinas
- An Y.-J.; Kampbell D.H.; Peter Breidenbach G.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Environmental Pollution
- Environmental Pollution vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 771 - 778
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Escherichia coli, a fecal coliform, and total coliforms were monitored between September 1999 and October 2001 in five marinas at Lake Texoma, located on the Oklahoma and Texas border. The general trend was that densities of E. coli were lower in the summer season due to the lower loading of fecal material into Lake Texoma and the ecological conditions of the lake, such as more vigorous grazing by protozoa and less viability of E. coli at an elevated temperature. The densities of total coliforms greatly increased in the summer. E. coli levels increased with depth, and the bottom water samples had higher densities of E. coli mainly due to their association with particles. There was a direct relationship between amount of gasoline sold, which was related to recreational boating activity, and the resuspension of E. coli. This indicated that recreational boating activity in lake marinas may have resuspended bottom sediments with bound E. coli, and the presence of E. coli in marinas was not an indication of recent fecal contamination. E. coli were detected in the largest densities at the boat dock points, followed by the gasoline filling station, and marina entrance. In addition, enumeration of bacteria in bottom sediment showed that the densities of E. coli and total coliforms in sediment were much higher compared to those in lake water. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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