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Novel Metal-Organic Framework-Based Photocrosslinked Hydrogel System for Efficient Antibacterial Applications
- Novel Metal-Organic Framework-Based Photocrosslinked Hydrogel System for Efficient Antibacterial Applications
- Gwon, Kihak; Han, Ihn; Lee, Seonhwa; Kim, Youngmee; Lee, Do Nam
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES
- ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES vol. 12, no. 18, pp. 20234 - 20242
- metal-organic framework; hydrogel; antibacterial agent; photocrosslink; cytotoxicity
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can be applied in biology and medicine as drug delivery systems by carrying drugs on their surfaces or releasing bioactive ligands. To investigate the therapeutic potential of hydrogels that contain MOFs, three MOFs containing glutarate and 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene ligands were synthesized by the previously reported hydrothermal or solvothermal reactions: Cu-MOF 1, Co-MOF 2, and Zn-MOF( )3 Bioactive MOF-embedded hydrogels (hydrogel@Cu-MOF 1, hydrogel@Co-MOF 2, and hydrogel@Zn-MOF 3) were prepared by UV light-mediated thiol-ene photopolymerization using diacrylated polyethylene glycol (PEG), 4-arm-thiolated PEG, and MOFs. The activities of the MOF-embedded hydrogels were tested against the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. These MOF-embedded hydrogels were observed to be very stable, based on the release test of M-II ions, and both hydrogel@Cu-MOF 1 and hydrogel@Co-MOF 2 showed excellent antibacterial activity. Although, in human dermal fibroblasts, hydrogel@Cu-MOF 1 showed no cytotoxic effects, it exhibited 99.9% antibacterial effects at the minimum bactericidal concentration. Physical properties such as the surface area and dimension of MOFs with different central metals appeared to be more important than the chemical properties of the ligands in determining the effects on bacteria. These MOF-embedded hydrogels may be useful in antibacterial applications such as cosmetics, treatment of skin diseases, and drug delivery owing to their low cytotoxicity and high bactericidal activity.
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