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Comparison of the K-WISC-IV profiles of boys with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Title
Comparison of the K-WISC-IV profiles of boys with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Authors
Kim H.Song D.-H.
Ewha Authors
김현미
Issue Date
2020
Journal Title
Research in Developmental Disabilities
ISSN
0891-4222JCR Link
Citation
Research in Developmental Disabilities vol. 97
Keywords
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)Cognitive profileIntelligenceWISC-IV
Publisher
Elsevier Inc.
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Aims: This study aimed to compare the intelligence profiles of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fourth Edition (K-WISC-IV) scores to differentiate between their cognitive characteristics. Methods: Subjects were boys with ASD (n = 49) and ADHD (n = 44). The index and subtest scores of the ASD and ADHD groups were compared using MANOVA. Repeated-measures ANOVA was performed to investigate the cognitive strengths and weaknesses within the ASD and ADHD groups. Results: Verbal comprehension was significantly lower in the ASD group compared to the ADHD group. The ASD group also scored lower than the ADHD group on Vocabulary, Comprehension, Picture Concepts, Picture Completion, and Symbol Search. The ADHD group scored lower than the ASD group on Digit Span. The ASD group displayed slower processing speed and social judgment, while the ADHD group exhibited poor working memory and graphomotor processing. Conclusion: The WISC-IV profiles might help distinguishing between the cognitive characteristics of ASD and ADHD boys. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd
DOI
10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103539
Appears in Collections:
ETC > ETC
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