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Comparison of the K-WISC-IV profiles of boys with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
- Comparison of the K-WISC-IV profiles of boys with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
- Kim H.; Song D.-H.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Research in Developmental Disabilities
- Research in Developmental Disabilities vol. 97
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); Cognitive profile; Intelligence; WISC-IV
- Elsevier Inc.
- SSCI; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Aims: This study aimed to compare the intelligence profiles of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fourth Edition (K-WISC-IV) scores to differentiate between their cognitive characteristics. Methods: Subjects were boys with ASD (n = 49) and ADHD (n = 44). The index and subtest scores of the ASD and ADHD groups were compared using MANOVA. Repeated-measures ANOVA was performed to investigate the cognitive strengths and weaknesses within the ASD and ADHD groups. Results: Verbal comprehension was significantly lower in the ASD group compared to the ADHD group. The ASD group also scored lower than the ADHD group on Vocabulary, Comprehension, Picture Concepts, Picture Completion, and Symbol Search. The ADHD group scored lower than the ASD group on Digit Span. The ASD group displayed slower processing speed and social judgment, while the ADHD group exhibited poor working memory and graphomotor processing. Conclusion: The WISC-IV profiles might help distinguishing between the cognitive characteristics of ASD and ADHD boys. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd
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