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The impaired redox balance in peroxisomes of catalase knockout mice accelerates nonalcoholic fatty liver disease through endoplasmic reticulum stress
- The impaired redox balance in peroxisomes of catalase knockout mice accelerates nonalcoholic fatty liver disease through endoplasmic reticulum stress
- Hwang, Inah; Uddin, Md Jamal; Pak, Eun Seon; Kang, Hyeji; Jin, Eun-Jung; Jo, Suin; Kang, Dongmin; Lee, Hyukjin; Ha, Hunjoo
- Ewha Authors
- 하헌주; 강동민
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 하헌주; 강동민
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
- FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE vol. 148, pp. 22 - 32
- Catalase; ER stress; Hepatocytes; Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis; Peroxisomal biogenesis; Primary cell cultures; Reactive oxygen species
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Peroxisomes are essential organelles for maintaining the homeostasis of lipids and reactive oxygen species (ROS). While oxidative stress-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays an important role in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the role of peroxisomes in ROS-mediated ER stress in the development of NAFLD remains elusive. We investigated whether an impaired peroxisomal redox state accelerates NAFLD by activating ER stress by inhibiting catalase, an antioxidant expressed exclusively in peroxisomes. Wild-type (WT) and catalase knockout (CKO) mice were fed either a normal diet or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 11 weeks. HFD-induced phenotype changes and liver injury accompanied by ER stress and peroxisomal dysfunction were accelerated in CKO mice compared to WT mice. Interestingly, these changes were also significantly increased in CKO mice fed a normal diet. Inhibition of catalase by 3-aminotriazole in hepatocytes resulted in the following effects: (i) increased peroxisomal H2O2 levels as measured by a peroxisome-targeted H2O2 probe (HyPer-P); (ii) elevated intracellular ROS; (iii) decreased peroxisomal biogenesis; (iv) activated ER stress; (v) induced lipogenic genes and neutral lipid accumulation; and (vi) suppressed insulin signaling cascade associated with JNK activation. N-acetylcysteine or 4-phenylbutyric acid effectively prevented those alterations. These results suggest that a redox imbalance in peroxisomes perturbs cellular metabolism through the activation of ER stress in the liver.
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