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Effectiveness of a behavior modification program for older people with uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes
- Effectiveness of a behavior modification program for older people with uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes
- Ounnapiruk, Liwan; Wirojratana, Virapun; Meehatchai, Nitaya; Turale, Sue
- Ewha Authors
- Susan Turale
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Susan Turale
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- NURSING & HEALTH SCIENCES
- NURSING & HEALTH SCIENCES vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 216 - 223
- behavior modification; intervention program; older people; self-efficacy; Thailand; Type 2 Diabetes
- SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- This quasi-experimental study examined the effectiveness of a behavior modification program for diabetic control inThai elders with uncontrolledType 2 Diabetes. Purposive sampling was used to select 30 elders from one community as an intervention group, and 30 from a neighboring community as a control group. The intervention group participated in a program of 12 weeks' duration involving activities related to group counseling, group discussion, and an empowerment process that enhanced appropriate consumption of healthy diet, medication taking, and exercise. Data were collected by interviews using a questionnaire to assess knowledge of diabetes, perceived self-efficacy, and diabetes control behavior, including fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin, were examined at the baseline and three months thereafter. At program completion, the intervention group had significantly higher scores of knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors than those in the control group, but blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin were not significantly different. Although nurses can use aspects of this program to benefit elders with diabetes who require support and education, further research is required to provide improved health outcomes such as better glycemic control.
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