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An ethnographic study of diabetes health beliefs and practices in Sri Lankan adults

Title
An ethnographic study of diabetes health beliefs and practices in Sri Lankan adults
Authors
Amarasekara, A. A. T. D.Fongkaew, W.Turale, S.Wimalasekara, S. W.Chanprasit, C.
Ewha Authors
Susan Turale
SCOPUS Author ID
Susan Turalescopus
Issue Date
2014
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL NURSING REVIEW
ISSN
0020-8132JCR Link

1466-7657JCR Link
Citation
INTERNATIONAL NURSING REVIEW vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 507 - 514
Keywords
CultureCultural SensitivityEthnographyGlycaemic ControlHealth BehavioursNursingSri LankaType 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Publisher
WILEY
Indexed
SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
BackgroundGlobally, type 2 diabetes is increasingly prevalent; however, unique cultural contexts in each country might affect these diabetes control behaviours. Diabetes is a serious health issue in Sri Lanka and little is known about the impact of sociocultural context on diabetes health behaviours. AimThis first-time qualitative Sri Lankan study explored the health beliefs and practices of adults with diabetes to enhance current nursing care and medical treatment. MethodsAn ethnographic approach was used to collect data through participant observations, in-depth interviews with 14 key informants in their homes and field notes. Data were analysed by thematic analysis. ResultsFindings revealed unique, informative insights into sociocultural worlds of the participants from three Sinhalese, Tamils and Moor ethnic groups. Findings are described under five themes: gaining religious support, changing food habits is a struggle, exercising is challenging, Western medicine causes long-term consequences and Ayurveda/traditional treatments can cure. ConclusionIn Sri Lankans, the impact of sociocultural context on glycaemic control behaviours is significant and should be taken in consideration when health professionals provide care, treatment and health education. LimitationsStudy informants were selected from three ethnic groups and just two communities. Further in-depth research is required using both qualitative and quantitative approaches in individual groups. Implications for Nursing and Health PolicyCulturally relevant policies and protocols for community care and treatment of people with diabetes are urgently required in Sri Lanka to enhance cultural treatment and care and reduce the epidemic of diabetes. These policies need to take into account traditional beliefs and practices of various ethnic groups.
DOI
10.1111/inr.12136
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간호대학 > 간호학전공 > Journal papers
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