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Long-Term Outcomes of Real-World Korean Patients with Atrial-Fibrillation-Related Stroke and Severely Decreased Ejection Fraction
- Long-Term Outcomes of Real-World Korean Patients with Atrial-Fibrillation-Related Stroke and Severely Decreased Ejection Fraction
- Jung, Jin-Man; Kim, Yong-Hyun; Yu, Sungwook; O, Kyungmi; Kim, Chi Kyung; Song, Tae-Jin; Kim, Yong-Jae; Kim, Bum Joon; Heo, Sung Hyuk; Park, Kwang-Yeol; Kim, Jeong-Min; Park, Jong-Ho; Choi, Jay Chol; Park, Man-Seok; Kim, Joon-Tae; Choi, Kang-Ho; Hwang, Yang-Ha; Chung, Jong-Won; Bang, Oh Young; Kim, Gyeong-moon; Seo, Woo-Keun
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 545 - 554
- atrial fibrillation; stroke; echocardiography; outcomes
- KOREAN NEUROLOGICAL ASSOC
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Document Type
- Background and Purpose The clinical implications of echocardiography findings for long-term outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF)-related stroke patients are unknown. Methods This was a substudy of the Korean ATrial fibrillaTion EvaluatioN regisTry in Ischemic strOke patieNts (K-ATTENTION), which is a multicenter-based cohort comprising prospective stroke registries from 11 tertiary centers. Stroke survivors who underwent two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography during hospitalization were enrolled. Echocardiography markers included the left-ventricle (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF), the left atrium diameter, and the ratio of the peak transmitral filling velocity to the mean mitral annular velocity during early diastole (E/e' ratio). LVEF was categorized into normal (>= 55%), mildly decreased (>40% and <55%), and severely decreased (<= 40%). The E/e' ratio associated with the LV filling pressure was categorized into normal (<8), borderline (>= 8 and <15), and elevated (>= 15). Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed for recurrent stroke, major adverse cardiac events, and all-cause death. Results This study finally included 1,947 patients. Over a median follow-up of 1.65 years (interquartile range, 0.42-2.87 years), the rates of recurrent stroke, major adverse cardiac events, and all-cause death were 35.1, 10.8, and 69.6 cases per 1,000 person-years, respectively. Multivariable analyses demonstrated that severely decreased LVEF was associated with a higher risks of major adverse cardiac events [hazard ratio (HR), 3.91; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.58-9.69] and all-cause death (HR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.23-3.10). The multivariable fractional polynomial plot indicated that recurrent stroke might be associated with a lower LVEF. Conclusions Severe LV systolic dysfunction could be a determinant of long-term outcomes in AF-related stroke.
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