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Renegotiating pariah state partnerships: Why Myanmar and North Korea respond differently to Chinese influence

Title
Renegotiating pariah state partnerships: Why Myanmar and North Korea respond differently to Chinese influence
Authors
Chow, Jonathan T.Easley, Leif-Eric
Ewha Authors
Leif Eric Easley
SCOPUS Author ID
Leif Eric Easleyscopus
Issue Date
2019
Journal Title
CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY
ISSN
1352-3260JCR Link

1743-8764JCR Link
Citation
CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 502 - 525
Keywords
Myanmar politicsChina foreign relationsNorth Korea nuclear weaponsauthoritarian regime transitionseconomic and security reliancepariah states
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR &

FRANCIS LTD
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Pariah status for violating international norms over decades increased Myanmar and North Korea's dependence on China. Myanmar's post-2010 reforms sought to reduce international sanctions and diversify diplomatic relations. North Korea pursued a diplomatic offensive after the 2018 Winter Olympics, but only after declaring itself a nuclear state. Why, despite both states' politically unsustainable dependence on China, did Myanmar and North Korea pursue different strategies for renegotiating reliance? Unlike the Kim regime, Myanmar's junta could step back from power while protecting its interests. Pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi was a credible signaler of reforms, providing Western governments political cover to reduce sanctions. Myanmar used liberalizing reforms to address internal threats, whereas North Korea utilizes external threats for regime legitimacy. The theoretical underpinnings and empirical trajectories of these distinctions-as well as Myanmar's backsliding on human rights-explain why reducing reliance on China may prove more difficult than shedding pariah status.
DOI
10.1080/13523260.2019.1660483
Appears in Collections:
스크랜튼대학 > 국제학부 > Journal papers
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