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Refusal speech act response: Differences between South Koreans and north Korean refugees in inducing speech acts and directness

Title
Refusal speech act response: Differences between South Koreans and north Korean refugees in inducing speech acts and directness
Authors
Lee H.Lee B.Chun H.C.
Ewha Authors
이해영
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
ISSN
1675-8021JCR Link
Citation
GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 17 - 30
Keywords
DirectnessInducing Speech ActLanguage UseNorth Korean RefugeesRefusal Speech Act
Publisher
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Press
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
The majority of previous studies on North Korean Refugees (NKRs) focused on the linguistic heterogeneity of pronunciation and vocabulary use. Only a handful of studies examined differences between South Koreans’ (SKs) and NKRs’ language use and they concluded that NKRs prefer direct refusal speech acts rather than indirect ones. However, we hypothesized that NKRs’ preference on direct refusal speech acts would vary depending on the types of inducing speech acts; speech acts that induces refusal expressions. 47 SKs and 43 NKRs answered three questions after watching video clips of short conversation in refusal situations. The results were statistically analyzed with independent sample t-tests and multi response analyses, revealing that NKRs preference on direct refusal speech acts varied depending on the types of inducing speech act. In addition, multi response analyses indicated that the NKRs and SKs evaluated the same rejecter’s personality differently and that this difference may result in miscommunication. Lastly, NKRs’ evaluations on the refusal speech acts did not change over time, as NKRs who stayed less than a year in South Korea and those who stayed more than five years did not show significant difference in their evaluation. This result suggests that explicit education on this may be required. Additionally, it is worth to note that current research confirms that SKs and NKRs react differently toward expressions used only in North Korea, and, therefore, not only the refusal strategy, but also the refusal expression itself are both important for successful communication. Additionally, the results showed that refusing with nonavoidable and non-personal reasons were perceived more positively than personal reasons. These findings suggest that for successful communication to happen between two groups with different linguistic backgrounds, pragmatic awareness in language use is helpful. © 2018, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Press. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.17576/gema-2018-1802-02
Appears in Collections:
국제대학원 > 한국학과 > Journal papers
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