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QStatin, a Selective Inhibitor of Quorum Sensing in Vibrio Species

Title
QStatin, a Selective Inhibitor of Quorum Sensing in Vibrio Species
Authors
Kim, Byoung SikJang, Song YeeBang, Ye-jiHwang, JungwonKoo, YoungwonJang, Kyung KuLim, DongyeolKim, Myung HeeChoi, Sang Ho
Ewha Authors
김병식
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
MBIO
ISSN
2150-7511JCR Link
Citation
MBIO vol. 9, no. 1
Keywords
LuxRVibrioquorum sensingquorum-sensing inhibitor
Publisher
AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Pathogenic Vibrio species cause diseases in diverse marine animals reared in aquaculture. Since their pathogenesis, persistence, and survival in marine environments are regulated by quorum sensing (QS), QS interference has attracted attention as a means to control these bacteria in aquatic settings. A few QS inhibitors of Vibrio species have been reported, but detailed molecular mechanisms are lacking. Here, we identified a novel, potent, and selective Vibrio QS inhibitor, named QStatin [1-(5-bromothiophene-2-sulfonyl)-1H-pyrazole], which affects Vibrio harveyi LuxR homologues, the well-conserved master transcriptional regulators for QS in Vibrio species. Crystallographic and biochemical analyses showed that QStatin binds tightly to a putative ligand-binding pocket in SmcR, the LuxR homologue in V. vulnificus, and changes the flexibility of the protein, thereby altering its transcription regulatory activity. Transcriptome analysis revealed that QStatin results in SmcR dysfunction, affecting the expression of SmcR regulon required for virulence, motility/chemotaxis, and biofilm dynamics. Notably, QStatin attenuated representative QS-regulated phenotypes in various Vibrio species, including virulence against the brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana). Together, these results provide molecular insights into the mechanism of action of an effective, sustainable QS inhibitor that is less susceptible to resistance than other antimicrobial agents and useful in controlling the virulence of Vibrio species in aquacultures. IMPORTANCE Yields of aquaculture, such as penaeid shrimp hatcheries, are greatly affected by vibriosis, a disease caused by pathogenic Vibrio infections. Since bacterial cell-to-cell communication, known as quorum sensing (QS), regulates pathogenesis of Vibrio species in marine environments, QS inhibitors have attracted attention as alternatives to conventional antibiotics in aquatic settings. Here, we used target-based high-throughput screening to identify QStatin, a potent and selective inhibitor of V. harveyi LuxR homologues, which are well-conserved master QS regulators in Vibrio species. Structural and biochemical analyses revealed that QStatin binds tightly to a putative ligand-binding pocket on SmcR, the LuxR homologue in V. vulnificus, and affects expression of QS-regulated genes. Remarkably, QStatin attenuated diverse QS-regulated phenotypes in various Vibrio species, including pathogenesis against brine shrimp, with no impact on bacterial viability. Taken together, the results suggest that QStatin may be a sustainable antivibriosis agent useful in aquacultures.
DOI
10.1128/mBio.02262-17
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엘텍공과대학 > 식품공학전공 > Journal papers
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