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Instrument Playing as a Cognitive Intervention Task for Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Title
Instrument Playing as a Cognitive Intervention Task for Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Authors
Kim, Soo JiYoo, Ga Eul
Ewha Authors
김수지유가을
SCOPUS Author ID
김수지scopus
Issue Date
2019
Journal Title
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN
1664-1078JCR Link
Citation
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY vol. 10
Keywords
instrument playingolder adultscognitive agingcognitive engagementsystematic review
Publisher
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Document Type
Review
Abstract
The aim of this meta-analysis was to review studies that applied musical instrument playing as an intervention to improve cognitive functioning of older adults with and without cognitive impairment. English-language articles published between 1990 and 2018 were searched using electronic databases. Music therapy journals were also hand searched for relevant research. Inclusion criteria for participants were older adults, ages 60 years and older, and any clinical diagnosis of cognitive impairment had to be due to aging. Searches used combinations of the following keywords: older adults, instrument playing, and cognitive outcomes measures. A total of 10 studies that met the inclusion criteria were included in the final analysis: five studies with healthy older adults, two with older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), two studies with older adults with dementia, and one study with both healthy older adults and older adults with MCI. The results of this meta-analysis demonstrated that different types of cognitive involvement were demanded from instrument playing. Furthermore, depending on the type of involvement, a target cognitive domain was found to be differentially impacted by the instrument playing intervention. This study supports using different types of instrument playing for interventions targeting specific cognitive domains of older adults with varying levels of cognitive aging.
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00151
Appears in Collections:
교육대학원 > 교육학과 > Journal papers
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