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Distinct patterns of internet and smartphone-related problems among adolescents by gender: Latent class analysis

Title
Distinct patterns of internet and smartphone-related problems among adolescents by gender: Latent class analysis
Authors
Lee S.-Y.Lee D.Nam C.R.Kim D.Y.Park S.Kwon J.-G.Kweon Y.-S.Lee Y.Kim D.J.Choi J.-S.
Ewha Authors
이동환
SCOPUS Author ID
이동환scopus
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
ISSN
2062-5871JCR Link
Citation
Journal of Behavioral Addictions vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 454 - 465
Keywords
AddictionGameGenderInternetLatent class analysisSmartphone
Publisher
Akademiai Kiado Rt.
Indexed
SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background and objectives: The ubiquitous Internet connections by smartphones weakened the traditional boundaries between computers and mobile phones. We sought to explore whether smartphone-related problems differ from those of computer use according to gender using latent class analysis (LCA). Methods: After informed consents, 555 Korean middle-school students completed surveys on gaming, Internet use, and smartphone usage patterns. They also completed various psychosocial instruments. LCA was performed for the whole group and by gender. In addition to ANOVA and χ2 tests, post-hoc tests were conducted to examine differences among the LCA subgroups. Results: In the whole group (n = 555), four subtypes were identified: dual-problem users (49.5%), problematic Internet users (7.7%), problematic smartphone users (32.1%), and “healthy” users (10.6%). Dual-problem users scored highest for addictive behaviors and other psychopathologies. The gender-stratified LCA revealed three subtypes for each gender. With dual-problem and healthy subgroup as common, problematic Internet subgroup was classified in the males, whereas problematic smartphone subgroup was classified in the females in the gender-stratified LCA. Thus, distinct patterns were observed according to gender with higher proportion of dual-problem present in males. While gaming was associated with problematic Internet use in males, aggression and impulsivity demonstrated associations with problematic smartphone use in females. Conclusions: An increase in the number of digital media-related problems was associated with worse outcomes in various psychosocial scales. Gaming may play a crucial role in males solely displaying Internet-related problems. The heightened impulsivity and aggression seen in our female problematic smartphone users requires further research. © 2018 Akademiai Kiado Rt. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1556/2006.7.2018.28
Appears in Collections:
자연과학대학 > 통계학전공 > Journal papers
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