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Longitudinal analysis of stuttering like disfluencies as a treatment outcome in early childhood stuttering

Title
Longitudinal analysis of stuttering like disfluencies as a treatment outcome in early childhood stuttering
Authors
Lee S.-B.Sim H.S.
Ewha Authors
심현섭
SCOPUS Author ID
심현섭scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
Communication Sciences and Disorders
ISSN
2288-1328JCR Link
Citation
Communication Sciences and Disorders vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 540 - 549
Keywords
Early childhood stutteringLongitudinal studyPersistent groupRecovery groupStuttering like disfluencies type
Publisher
Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Objectives: This study longitudinally investigated the treatment outcome of children (age 2 to 5) who stutter (CWS) within 1 year of the onset of stuttering in order to examine whether frequency and types of stuttering like disfluencies (SLD) play a role as a predictor of treatment outcome. Methods: Direct therapy was given to 18 CWS for 18 months and indirect therapy for their parents to change parents' attitudes. Speech samples were collected five times (initial visit and four times every 3 months for 18 months) in order to identify changes in SLD frequency over treatment. Results: The results of the study are summarized as follows. First, the total frequency of SLD was significantly different between the recovered group and the persistence group. That is, SLD decreased in the recovered group while increasing in the persistence group. At 12 and 18 months after treatment, the difference between the two groups was greater than at the other assessment sessions. Second, significant interactions between the group and time of therapy were found in the disrhythmic phonation type. Third, the ratio of SLD in disrhythmic phonation type decreased in the recovery group after 6 months. Conclusion: The results suggest that SLD frequency and disrhythmic phonation type are predictive factors for discriminating between recovered and persistence groups in the treatment for young children who stutter. We also suggest that speech-language pathologists be aware of SLD frequency and disrhythmic phonation's changes at 12 and 18 months after treatment to predict treatment effects in early childhood stuttering. © 2017 Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.
DOI
10.12963/csd.17404
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 언어병리학과 > Journal papers
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